Subaru/SCExAO First-light Direct Imaging of a Young Debris Disk around HD 36546
Schlieder, Joshua E.
Brandt, Timothy D.
Kasdin, N. Jeremy
McElwain, Michael W.
Knapp, G. R.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Coll Optic Sci
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PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationSubaru/SCExAO First-light Direct Imaging of a Young Debris Disk around HD 36546 2017, 836 (1):L15 The Astrophysical Journal
Rights© 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
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AbstractWe present H-band scattered light imaging of a bright debris disk around the A0 star HD 36546 obtained from the Subaru Coronagraphic Extreme Adaptive Optics (SCExAO) system with data recorded by the HiCIAO camera using the vector vortex coronagraph. SCExAO traces the disk from r similar to 0."3 to r similar to 1" (34-114 au). The disk is oriented in a near east-west direction (PA similar to 75 degrees), is inclined by i similar to 70 degrees-75 degrees, and is strongly forward-scattering (g > 0.5). It is an extended disk rather than a sharp ring; a second, diffuse dust population extends from the disk's eastern side. While HD 36546 intrinsic properties are consistent with a wide age range (t similar to 1-250 Myr), its kinematics and analysis of coeval stars suggest a young age (3-10 Myr) and a possible connection to Taurus-Auriga's star formation history. SCExAO's planet-to-star contrast ratios are comparable to the first-light Gemini Planet Imager contrasts; for an age of 10 Myr, we rule out planets with masses comparable to HR 8799 b beyond a projected separation of 23 au. A massive icy planetesimal disk or an unseen super-Jovian planet at r > 20 au may explain the disk's visibility. The HD 36546 debris disk may be the youngest debris disk yet imaged, is the first newly identified object from the now-operational SCExAO extreme AO system, is ideally suited for spectroscopic follow-up with SCExAO/CHARIS in 2017, and may be a key probe of icy planet formation and planet-disk interactions.
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