Chemical Abundances of M-Dwarfs from the Apogee Survey. I. The Exoplanet Hosting Stars Kepler-138 and Kepler-186
Garcia-Hernandez, D. A.
Prieto, C. Allende
Smith, V. V.
Johnson, J. A.
Majewski, S. R.
Garcia Perez, A. E.
Gomez Maqueo Chew, Y.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Steward Observ
planet; star interactions
stars: fundamental parameters
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationChemical Abundances of M-Dwarfs from the Apogee Survey. I. The Exoplanet Hosting Stars Kepler-138 and Kepler-186 2017, 835 (2):239 The Astrophysical Journal
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Rights© 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractWe report the first detailed chemical abundance analysis of the exoplanet-hosting M-dwarf stars Kepler-138 and Kepler-186 from the analysis of high-resolution (R similar to 22,500) H-band spectra from the SDSS-IV-APOGEE survey. Chemical abundances of 13 elements-C, O, Na, Mg, Al, Si, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, and Fe-are extracted from the APOGEE spectra of these early M-dwarfs via spectrum syntheses computed with an improved line list that takes into account H2O and FeH lines. This paper demonstrates that APOGEE spectra can be analyzed to determine detailed chemical compositions of M-dwarfs. Both exoplanet-hosting M-dwarfs display modest sub-solar metallicities: [Fe/H](Kepler-138) = -0.09 +/- 0.09 dex and [Fe/H](Kepler-186) = -0.08 +/- 0.10 dex. The measured metallicities resulting from this high-resolution analysis are found to be higher by similar to 0.1-0.2 dex than previous estimates from lower-resolution spectra. The C/O ratios obtained for the two planet-hosting stars are near-solar, with values of 0.55 +/- 0.10 for Kepler-138 and 0.52 +/- 0.12 for Kepler-186. Kepler-186 exhibits a marginally enhanced [Si/Fe] ratio.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsAlfred P. Sloan Foundation; U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science; Brazilian Participation Group; Carnegie Institution for Science; Carnegie Mellon University; Chilean Participation Group; French Participation Group; Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics; Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias; The Johns Hopkins University; Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the universe (IPMU)/University of Tokyo; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Leibniz Institut fur Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP); Max-Planck-Institut fur Astronomie (MPIA Heidelberg); Max-Planck-Institut fur Astrophysik (MPA Garching); Max-Planck-Institut fur Extraterrestrische Physik (MPE); National Astronomical Observatory of China; New Mexico State University; New York University; University of Notre Dame; Observatario Nacional/MCTI; The Ohio State University; Pennsylvania State University; Shanghai Astronomical Observatory; United Kingdom Participation Group; Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico; University of Arizona; University of Colorado Boulder; University of Oxford; University of Portsmouth; University of Utah; University of Virginia; University of Washington; University of Wisconsin; Vanderbilt University; Yale University; Ramoon y Cajal fellowship [RYC-2013-14182]; Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO) [AYA-2014-58082-P]; Sven and Dagmar Salen foundation; NSF [AST-1616684]