Dust-deficient Palomar-Green Quasars and the Diversity of AGN Intrinsic IR Emission
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Steward Observ
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PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationDust-deficient Palomar-Green Quasars and the Diversity of AGN Intrinsic IR Emission 2017, 835 (2):257 The Astrophysical Journal
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Rights© 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractTo elucidate the intrinsic broadband infrared (IR) emission properties of active galactic nuclei (AGNs), we analyze the spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of 87 z less than or similar to 0.5 Palomar-Green (PG) quasars. While the Elvis AGN template with a moderate far-IR correction can reasonably match the SEDs of the AGN components in similar to 60% of the sample (and is superior to alternatives such as that by Assef), it fails on two quasar populations: (1) hot-dustdeficient (HDD) quasars that show very weak emission thoroughly from the near-IR to the far-IR, and (2) warm-dust- deficient (WDD) quasars that have similar hot dust emission as normal quasars but are relatively faint in the mid-and far-IR. After building composite AGN templates for these dust-deficient quasars, we successfully fit the 0.3-500 mu m SEDs of the PG sample with the appropriate AGN template, an infrared template of a star-forming galaxy, and a host galaxy stellar template. 20 HDD and 12 WDD quasars are identified from the SED decomposition, including seven ambiguous cases. Compared with normal quasars, the HDD quasars have AGNs with relatively low Eddington ratios and the fraction of WDD quasars increases with AGN luminosity. Moreover, both the HDD and WDD quasar populations show relatively stronger mid-IR silicate emission. Virtually identical SED properties are also found in some quasars from z = 0.5 to 6. We propose a conceptual model to demonstrate that the observed dust deficiency of quasars can result from a change of structures of the circumnuclear tori that can occur at any cosmic epoch.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNASA [NNX13AD82G, 1255094]; National Aeronautics and Space Administration; National Science Foundation