Applications of Non-Traditional Measurements for Computational Imaging
AdvisorNeifeld, Mark A.
Committee ChairNeifeld, Mark A.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractImaging systems play an important role in many diverse applications. Requirements for these applications, however, can lead to complex or sub-optimal designs. Traditionally, imaging systems are designed to yield a visually pleasing representation, or "pretty picture", of the scene or object. Often this is because a human operator is viewing the acquired image to perform a specific task. With digital computers increasingly being used for automation, a large number of algorithms have been designed to accept as input a pretty picture. This isomorphic representation however is neither necessary nor optimal for tasks such as data compression, transmission, pattern recognition or classification. This disconnect between optical measurement and post processing for the final system outcome has motivated an interest in computational imaging (CI). In a CI system the optical sub-system and post-processing sub-system is jointly designed to optimize system performance for a specific task. In these hybrid imagers, the measured image may no longer be a pretty picture but rather an intermediate non-traditional measurement. In this work, applications of non-traditional measurements are considered for computational imaging. Two systems for an image reconstruction task are studied and one system for a detection task is investigated. First, a CI system to extend the field of view is analyzed and an experimental prototype demonstrated. This prototype validates the simulation study and is designed to yield a 3x field of view improvement relative to a conventional imager. Second, a CI system to acquire time-varying natural scenes, i.e. video, is developed. A candidate system using 8x8x16 spatiotemporal blocks yields about 292x compression compared to a conventional imager. Candidate electro-optical architectures, including charge-domain processing, to implement this approach are also discussed. Lastly, a CI system with x-ray pencil beam illumination is investigated for a detection task where system performance is quantified using an information-theoretic metric.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Electrical & Computer Engineering