AuthorSimons, Raymond C.
Kassin, Susan A.
Faber, Sandra M.
Trump, Jonathan R.
Heckman, Timothy M.
Koo, David C.
Primack, Joel R.
Snyder, Gregory F.
Vega, Alexander de la
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Steward Observ
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
Citationz ∼ 2: An Epoch of Disk Assembly 2017, 843 (1):46 The Astrophysical Journal
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Rights© 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at email@example.com.
AbstractWe explore the evolution of the internal gas kinematics of star-forming galaxies from the peak of cosmic star formation at z similar to 2 to today. Measurements of galaxy rotation velocity V-rot, which quantify ordered motions, and gas velocity dispersion sigma(g), which quantify disordered motions, are adopted from the DEEP2 and SIGMA surveys. This sample covers a continuous baseline in redshift over 0.1 < z < 2.5, spanning 10 Gyr. At low redshift, nearly all sufficiently massive star-forming galaxies are rotationally supported (V-rot > sigma(g)). By z = 2, 50% and 70% of galaxies are rotationally supported at low (10(9)-10(10) M-circle dot) and high (10(10)-10(11) M-circle dot) stellar mass, respectively. For V-rot > 3 sigma(g), the percentage drops below 35% for all masses. From z = 2 to now, galaxies exhibit remarkably smooth kinematic evolution on average. All galaxies tend toward rotational support with time, and higher-mass systems reach it earlier. This is largely due to a mass-independent decline in sigma(g) by a factor of 3 since z - 2. Over the same time period, V-rot increases by a factor of 1.5 in low-mass systems but does not evolve at high mass. These trends in V-rot and sigma(g) are at a fixed stellar mass and therefore should not be interpreted as evolutionary tracks for galaxy populations. When populations are linked in time via abundance matching, sigma(g) declines as before and V-rot strongly increases with time for all galaxy populations, enhancing the evolution in V-rot sigma(g). These results indicate that z = 2 is a period of disk assembly, during which strong rotational support is only just beginning to emerge.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsSpace Telescope Science Institute; NASA [NAS 5-26555]; NSF [AST-0808133]; STScI