Parasitoid wasp usurps its host to guard its pupa against hyperparasitoids and induces rapid behavioral changes in the parasitized host
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Ecol & Evolut Biol
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherPUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
CitationParasitoid wasp usurps its host to guard its pupa against hyperparasitoids and induces rapid behavioral changes in the parasitized host 2017, 12 (6):e0178108 PLOS ONE
Rights© 2017 Mohan, Sinu. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at email@example.com.
AbstractSome parasites have an ability to fabricate the behavior of their host and impel the host to guard parasites' offspring, which is popularly called as bodyguard manipulation. Psalis pennatula larva parasitized by a braconid parasitoid wasp Microplitis pennatula exhibits some behavioral changes including the guarding of the parasitoid pupa from its natural enemies. We hypothesized that these behavioral change exhibited by the parasitized host larva are induced by the parasitoid and can be considered as an example of bodyguard manipulation. Even though hyperparasitoids are the more specialized natural enemy of parasitoids than predators, very few studies tested the success of guarding parasitoid pupa against hyperparasitoids. This study analyzed the success of guarding behavior of the parasitized host against hyperparasitoids. The onsets of parasite-induced phenotypic alterations (PIPAs) in the parasitized host were inspected to analyze whether these behavioral changes in the host larva manifests gradually or abruptly. The study concludes that parasitized host larva defends the parasitoid pupa from hyperparasitoids and the PIPAs in the parasitized host develops abruptly only after the egression of parasitoid prepupa.
NoteOpen Access Journal.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsCSIR New Delhi; Central University of Kerala
- Body odors of parasitized caterpillars give away the presence of parasitoid larvae to their primary hyperparasitoid enemies.
- Authors: Zhu F, Weldegergis BT, Lhie B, Harvey JA, Dicke M, Poelman EH
- Issue date: 2014 Sep
- Bodyguard manipulation in a multipredator context: different processes, same effect.
- Authors: Maure F, Brodeur J, Droit A, Doyon J, Thomas F
- Issue date: 2013 Oct
- Survey of the native insect natural enemies of Hyphantria cunea (Drury) (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae) in China.
- Authors: Yang ZQ, Wang XY, Wei JR, Qu HR, Qiao XR
- Issue date: 2008 Jun
- Symbiotic polydnavirus and venom reveal parasitoid to its hyperparasitoids.
- Authors: Zhu F, Cusumano A, Bloem J, Weldegergis BT, Villela A, Fatouros NE, van Loon JJA, Dicke M, Harvey JA, Vogel H, Poelman EH
- Issue date: 2018 May 15
- Parasitism overrides herbivore identity allowing hyperparasitoids to locate their parasitoid host using herbivore-induced plant volatiles.
- Authors: Zhu F, Broekgaarden C, Weldegergis BT, Harvey JA, Vosman B, Dicke M, Poelman EH
- Issue date: 2015 Jun