Sex Differences in Behavioral and Psychological Expression of Grief During Adolescence: A Meta-Analysis
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractAdolescence is a time of emotional growth and maturity, as well as increased autonomy. With such environmental changes, combined with specific age-related neurological development, adolescent behavioral research has documented a collection of age-specific behaviors universally observed during this time in development. Adolescent egocentric behaviors have been documented for years, and grief during this developmental period can exacerbate these behaviors. This meta-analysis synthesizes the results of 14 independent studies (N = 6,979 participants) that examined sex differences in internalized, externalized, and PTSD symptoms associated with grief during adolescence. While no mean-level differences were found between adolescent females and males in externalizing behaviors associated with grief (d = 0.03), on average, females reported higher levels of internalized grief responses (d = 0.18) and higher levels of PTSD symptoms (d = 0.36) than their male counterparts. Findings suggest the need for additional, more nuanced research to investigate possible sex differences in externalized behaviors relating to grief. In addition, research should examine whether tailored therapeutic and intervention measures and resources are needed for adolescents experiencing internalized grief and PTSD symptoms given sex differences in these reactions.
Degree ProgramHonors College
Family Studies and Human Development