An ALMA Survey of CO Isotopologue Emission from Protoplanetary Disks in Chamaeleon I
Herczeg, Gregory J.
Hendler, Nathanial P.
Manara, Carlo F.
Mulders, Gijs D.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Lunar & Planetary Lab
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationAn ALMA Survey of CO Isotopologue Emission from Protoplanetary Disks in Chamaeleon I 2017, 844 (2):99 The Astrophysical Journal
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Rights© 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractThe mass of a protoplanetary disk limits the formation and future growth of any planet. Masses of protoplanetary disks are usually calculated from measurements of the dust continuum emission by assuming an interstellar gas-to-dust ratio. To investigate the utility of CO as an alternate probe of disk mass, we use ALMA to survey (CO)-C-13 and (CO)-O-18 J = 3-2 line emission from a sample of 93 protoplanetary disks around stars and brown dwarfs with masses from 0.03 to 2 M-circle dot in the nearby Chamaeleon I star-forming region. We detect (CO)-C-13 emission from 17 sources and (CO)-O-18 from only one source. Gas masses for disks are then estimated by comparing the CO line luminosities to results from published disk models that include CO freeze-out and isotope-selective photodissociation. Under the assumption of a typical interstellar medium CO-to-H-2 ratio of 10(-4), the resulting gas masses are implausibly low, with an average gas mass of similar to 0.05M(Jup) as inferred from the average flux of stacked (CO)-C-13 lines. The low gas masses and gas-to-dust ratios for Cha I disks are both consistent with similar results from disks in the Lupus star-forming region. The faint CO line emission may instead be explained if disks have much higher gas masses, but freeze-out of CO or complex C-bearing molecules is underestimated in disk models. The conversion of CO flux to CO gas mass also suffers from uncertainties in disk structures, which could affect gas temperatures. CO emission lines will only be a good tracer of the disk mass when models for C and CO depletion are confirmed to be accurate.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNational Science Foundation of China ; NSF Astronomy & Astrophysics Research Grant ; NASA's Science Mission Directorate; ESA Research Fellowship