Spatiotemporal Variations in Hydroclimate across the Mediterranean Andes (30°–37°S) since the Early Twentieth Century
Christie, Duncan A.
Le Quesne, Carlos
Masiokas, Mariano H.
Muñoz, Ariel A.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Tree Ring Res Lab
Univ Arizona, Sch Nat Resources & Environm
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherAMER METEOROLOGICAL SOC
CitationSpatiotemporal Variations in Hydroclimate across the Mediterranean Andes (30°–37°S) since the Early Twentieth Century 2017, 18 (7):1929 Journal of Hydrometeorology
JournalJournal of Hydrometeorology
Rights© 2017 American Meteorological Society.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractIn the Mediterranean Andes region '(MA; 30 degrees-37 degrees S), the main rivers are largely fed by melting snowpack and provide freshwater to around 10 million people on both sides of the Andes Mountains. Water resources in the MA are under pressure because of the extensive development of industrial agriculture and mining activities. This pressure is increasing as the region faces one of its worst recorded droughts. Previous studies have pointed to El Nioo-Southern Oscillation '(ENSO) as the main climatic force impacting the MA. However, the role of decadal and multidecadal climate variability, their spatial patterns, and the recurrence of long-term droughts remains poorly studied. In an attempt to better understand these factors, spatial and temporal patterns of hydroclimatic variability are analyzed using an extensive database of streamflow, precipitation, and snowpack covering the period between 1910 and 2011. These analyses are based on the combination of correlation, principal components, and kernel estimation techniques. Despite a general common pattern across the MA, the results presented here identify two hydroclimatic subregions, located north and south of 34 degrees S. While the interannual variability associated with ENSO is slightly stronger north of 34 degrees S, the variability associated with the Pacific decadal oscillation '(PDO) and/or the interdecadal Pacific oscillation '(IPO) index shows similar patterns in both regions. However, variations produced by the IPO forcing seem to be greater in the southern subregion since 1975. The estimations presented here on drought recurrence reveal a generalized increase in dry extremes since the 1950s. These findings suggest that the northern MA is more vulnerable to changes in hydrology and climate than the southern MA.
Note6 Month Embargo; Published Online: 3 July 2017
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsFondo Nacional de Desarrollo Cientifico y Tecnologico (FONDECYT) ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica-Programa de Capital Humano Avanzado (CONICYT-PCHA)/Doctorado Nacional [2016-21160642]; Fondo de Financiamiento de Centros de Investigacion en Areas Prioritarias (FONDAP) ; Vicerrectoria de Investigacion y Estudios Avanzados-Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso (VRIEA-PUCV) [039.353/2016]; Direccion de Investigacion y Desarrollo (DID), Universidad Austral de Chile