CREATING HIGH-VALUE REAL-WORLD IMPACT THROUGH SYSTEMATIC PROGRAMS OF RESEARCH
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Eller Coll Management
IS research methodology
value of IS research
systematic high-impact research model
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherSOC INFORM MANAGE-MIS RES CENT
CitationNunamaker, J. F., Twyman, N. W., Giboney, J. S., & Briggs, R. O. (2017). CREATING HIGH-VALUE REAL-WORLD IMPACT THROUGH SYSTEMATIC PROGRAMS OF RESEARCH. MIS Quarterly, 41(2), 335-351.
RightsCopyright © of MIS Quarterly
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at email@example.com.
AbstractAn ongoing conversation in the Information Systems literature addresses the concern, "How can we conduct research that makes a difference?" A shortage of high-impact research will, over time, challenge the identity and weaken the viability of IS as an academic discipline. This paper presents the systematic high-impact research model (SHIR), an approach to conducting high-impact research. SHIR embodies the insight gained from three streams of high-impact research programs spanning more than 50 years. The SHIR framework rests on the proposition that IS researchers can produce higher-impact contributions by developing long-term research programs around major real-world issues, as opposed to ad hoc projects addressing a small piece of a large problem. These persistent research programs focus on addressing the entirety of an issue, by leveraging multidisciplinary, multiuniversity research centers that employ a breadth of research methods and large-scale projects. To function effectively, SHIR programs must be sustained by academic and practitioner partnerships, research centers, and outreach activities. We argue that SHIR research programs increase the likelihood of high impact research.
Note60 month embargo; Published online: June 2017
VersionFinal published version
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Pineal-mediated inhibition of prolactin cell activity: Investigation of dopaminergic involvement.Burns, Danny Michael. (The University of Arizona., 1989)The purpose of these studies was to determine whether the inhibitory effects of short photoperiod exposure on prolactin cell activity in male Syrian hamsters and/or the inhibitory effects of melatonin treatment on the growth and activity of diethylstilbestrol- (DES) induced prolactinomas in Fisher 344 (F344) rats were possibly mediated through alterations in dopaminergic regulatory mechanisms. In both the hamster and the rat, changes in hypothalamic dopamine neuronal activity and changes in pituitary responsiveness to dopamine have been suggested as possible mechanisms in the prolactin-inhibitory effects of light deprivation or melatonin administration. The present studies in the male Syrian hamster addressed two issues. First, it was of interest to determine if anterior pituitaries of long photoperiod-exposed male hamsters possess dopamine receptors, which are presumably necessary for responsiveness to dopamine. This was accomplished by analysis of ³H-spiperone binding to anterior pituitary membranes. Second, possible changes in pituitary sensitivity to dopamine were assessed by comparison of dose response curves for the inhibition by dopamine of prolactin release from hemipituitaries incubated in vitro from both long and short photoperiod-exposed animals over a series of time points from three to fifteen weeks. In the second series of experiments, adult female F344 rats received daily injection of melatonin or saline vehicle. After two weeks, half of the animals were sacrificed for analysis of ³H-spiperone binding to anterior pituitary membranes, measurement of hypothalamic dopamine turnover and analysis of in vitro pituitary sensitivity to dopamine. The remaining animals received subcutaneous implants containing DES and injections were continued on the same schedule until sacrifice four weeks later for measurement of the same parameters. In both the hamster and rat models, treatments exerted profound inhibitory effects on indices of prolactin cell activity. However, these studies provide no evidence for the involvement of altered dopaminergic regulation in the production of such effects. Neither pituitary sensitivity to dopamine in vitro nor hypothalamic dopamine neuronal activity was enhanced by short photoperiod exposure or melatonin treatment. Prolactin-inhibitory effects of these treatments appear to be mediated through as yet unidentified dopamine-independent mechanisms.
Optical thin films prepared by ion-assisted and ultrasound-assisted deposition.Macleod, H. Angus; Hwangbo, Chang Kwon. (The University of Arizona., 1988)Optical, electrical, and microstructural effects of Ar ion bombardment and Ar incorporation on thermally evaporated Ag and Al thin films were investigated. The results show that as the momentum supplied to the growing films by the bombarding Ar ions per arriving metal atom increases, refractive index at 632.8 nm increases and extinction coefficient decreases, lattice spacing expands, grain size decreases, electrical resistivity increases, and trapped Ar increases slightly. In Ag films, stress reverses from tensile to compressive; in AI films compressive stress increases. In both films, the change in optical constants can be explained by variation in void volume. The reversal of stress from tensile to compressive in Ag films requires a threshold level of momentum. The increase in electrical resistivity is related to the increase in the void fraction, decrease in the grain size, and increase in trapped Ar in both types of films. Many of these properties correlate well with the momentum transferred, suggesting that the momentum is an important physical parameter in describing the influence of ion beams on growing thin films and determining the characteristics of thin metal films prepared by ion-assisted deposition (IAD). With a low energy ion beam, the Ar concentration in IAD Ag films was negligible. When the bombarded film thickness was less than 5 nm, the electrical resistivity of IAD Ag films tended to decrease slightly from that of the non-IAD film. Using the Bruggeman effective medium theory, a formula for the void fraction at any given wavelength was derived. We investigated optical properties, stoichiometry, chemical bonding states, and structure of aluminum oxynitride thin films prepared by reactive ion-assisted deposition. Variations of optical constants and chemical bonding states are related to the stoichiometry. We found that our amorphous aluminum oxynitride film is not simply a mixture of aluminum oxide and nitride but a compound. A rugate filter using a step-index profile of aluminum oxynitride films was fabricated by nitrogen ion beam bombardment of a growing Al film with backfilled oxygen pressure as the sole variable. The effects of ultrasound-assisted deposition (UAD) on the optical properties of ZrO₂, Ta₂O₅, and MgF₂ films were investigated. UAD is likely to induce oxygen and fluoride deficiencies in oxide and fluoride films and increase the packing density of films.
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