Pyroclastic flow deposits on Venus as indicators of renewed magmatic activity
AuthorCampbell, Bruce A.
Morgan, Gareth A.
Whitten, Jennifer L.
Carter, Lynn M.
Glaze, Lori S.
Campbell, Donald B.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Lunar & Planetary Lab
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherAMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION
CitationPyroclastic flow deposits on Venus as indicators of renewed magmatic activity 2017, 122 (7):1580 Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets
Rights© 2017. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
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AbstractRadar bright deposits on Venus that have diffuse margins suggest eruptions that distribute debris over large areas due to ground-hugging flows from plume collapse. We examine deposits in eastern Eistla, western Eistla, Phoebe, and Dione Regiones using Magellan data and Earth-based radar maps. The radar bright units have no marginal lobes or other features consistent with viscous flow. Their morphology, radar echo strength, polarization properties, and microwave emissivity are consistent with mantling deposits composed of few centimeters or larger clasts. This debris traveled downhill up to similar to 100km on modest slopes and blanketed lava flows and tectonic features to depths of tens of centimeters to a few meters over areas up to 40x10(3)km(2). There is evidence for ongoing removal and exhumation of previously buried terrain. A newly identified occurrence is associated with a ridge belt south of Ushas Mons. We also note radar bright streaks of coarse material west of Rona Chasma that reflect the last traces of a deposit mobilized by winds from the formation of Mirabeau crater. If the radar bright units originate by the collapse of eruption columns, with coarse fragmental material entrained and fluidized by hot gases, then their extent suggests large erupted volatile (CO2 or H2O) amounts. We propose that these deposits reflect the early stage of renewed magmatic activity, with volatile-rich, disrupted magma escaping through vents in fractured regions of the upper crust. Rapidly eroding under Venus surface conditions or buried by subsequent eruptions, these markers of recently renewed activity have disappeared from older regions.
Note6 month embargo; published online: 26 July 2017
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNASA Planetary Mission Data Analysis Program