BRCA1 and BRCA2 Gene Mutations in Colorectal Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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EmbargoRelease after 28-Jun-2020
AbstractBackground: The relevant risks associated with BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation in breast and ovarian cancer have been well studied. BRCA mutations have also been found to be associated with other cancers, including colorectal cancer, but with conflicting results. Aims: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify, characterize, and review published studies evaluating BRCA mutation carriers with colorectal cancer, and to quantify the risk of colorectal cancer overall and in subgroups of BRCA mutation carriers. Methods: Eligible studies were retrieved through systematic review using multiple databases. Unadjusted odds ratios were used to derive pooled estimates of colorectal cancer risk overall and in subgroups defined by mutation type, comparison group, and study design. Results: A total of 18 studies were included in the systematic review, of which 14 were also used in the meta-analysis: seven cohort studies comparing to the general population, five case-control studies, four cohort studies involving pedigree analysis, and two kin-cohort studies. Meta-analysis not differentiating between BRCA1 and BRCA2, revealed a statistically significant increased risk of colorectal cancer in BRCA mutation carriers in a fixed-effects model (OR=1.22, 95%CI=1.01-1.48, p=0.041), but not in a random-effects model (OR=1.20, 95%CI=0.96-1.50, p=0.111). Analyses stratified by study design and comparator found no association between BRCA mutation and colorectal cancer risk. In subgroup meta-analyses by BRCA type, BRCA1 mutation was associated with increased risk of colorectal cancer (OR=1.48, 95%CI=1.13-1.94, p=0.005), but not in BRCA2 mutation. Conclusion: Systematic review and meta-analysis point at potential 1.22-fold greater risk of colorectal cancer in BRCA mutation carriers, attributable largely to a 1.48-fold greater risk of colorectal cancer in BRCA1 mutation carriers, regardless of age.
Degree ProgramGraduate College