A Modified Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance System to Assess Diabetes Self-management Behaviors and Diabetes Care in Monterrey Mexico: A Cross-sectional Study
AuthorMcEwen, Marylyn Morris
Elizondo-Pereo, Rogelio Andrès
Pasvogel, Alice E.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Coll Nursing
Univ Arizona, Mel & Enid Zuckerman Coll Publ Hlth
Keywordstype 2 diabetes
type 2 diabetes mellitus
behavioral risk factor surveillance system
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SA
CitationA Modified Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance System to Assess Diabetes Self-management Behaviors and Diabetes Care in Monterrey Mexico: A Cross-sectional Study 2017, 5 Frontiers in Public Health
JournalFrontiers in Public Health
Rights© 2017 McEwen, Elizondo-Pereo, Pasvogel, Meester, Vargas-Villarreal and González-Salazar. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractType 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the leading causes of death from worldwide non-communicable diseases. The prevalence of diabetes in the Mexico (MX)-United States border states exceeds the national rate in both countries. The economic burden of diabetes, due to decreased productivity, disability, and medical costs, is staggering and increases significantly when T2DM-related complications occur. The purpose of this study was to use a modified behavioral risk factor surveillance system (BRFSS) to describe the T2DM self-management behaviors, diabetes care, and health perception of a convenience sample of adults with T2DM in Monterrey, MX. This cross-sectional study design, with convenience sampling, was conducted with a convenience sample (n = 351) of adults in the metropolitan area of Monterrey, MX who self-reported a diagnosis of T2DM. Potential participants were recruited from local supermarkets. Twenty-six diabetes and health-related items were selected from the BRFSS and administered in face-to-face interviews by trained data collectors. Data analysis was conducted using descriptive statistics. The mean age was 47 years, and the mean length of time with T2DM was 12 years. The majority was taking oral medication and 34% required insulin. Daily self-monitoring of feet was performed by 56% of the participants; however, only 8.8% engaged in blood glucose self-monitoring. The mean number of health-care provider visits was 9.09 per year, and glycated hemoglobin level (HbA1c) was assessed 2.6 times per year. Finally, only 40.5% of the participants recalled having a dilated eye exam. We conclude the modified BRFSS survey administered in a face-to-face interview format is an appropriate tool for assessing engagement in T2DM self-management behaviors, diabetes care, and health perception. Extension of the use of this survey in a more rigorous design with a larger scale survey is encouraged.
NoteOpen Access Journal.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsPuentes Consortium; Consejo Nacional De Ciencia y Tecnologia de Mexico
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After receiving language concordant, individual health education interventions, do Spanish speaking, diabetic inpatients at a safety net hospital demonstrate acquired diabetes self-management competency as measured by pre-training and post training evaluation of key, diabetes self-management knowledge?Cagle, Jonathan; The University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix; Abdollahi, Shagyegh (The University of Arizona., 2018-03-28)The purpose of this research was to assess the quality of the inpatient, health education diabetes program as it relates to primary Spanish speaking patients. Complications from diabetes account for huge personal and financial costs. There is substantial evidence supporting the use of targeted diabetes education to reduce complications but we need to know if our education interventions are valid. In order to accomplish this by auditing the knowledge of a sample of inpatient diabetics before and after receiving the standard MMC Spanish language diabetes education interventions via Spanish language pre and post surveys (standardized by the previously validated SKILLD survey). Demographic and clinical data were analyzed and all significant data (p value <0.05) were considered for their importance. The data demonstrated that in all 10 items on the survey, overall patients were able to demonstrate significant improvement in survey scores. Additionally, comparisons of demographic data demonstrated that being less than 50 years old was associated with improved survey scores. This indicates overall benefit of the training program as well as possible insight into need for more aggressive training for patients greater than 50 years in age.
Blood cell alterations in diabetes: Implications for ischemia-reperfusion injury in the diabetic heartHokama, Jason Yoshitsune (The University of Arizona., 1999)Diabetes is now considered a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, particularly ischemic heart disease. Although restoration of coronary blood flow is prudent in order to salvage the region of the myocardium at risk, reperfusion is also associated with an additional injury to the heart. This is known as myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury. The diabetic heart appears to be more susceptible to I-R injury compared to non-diabetic hearts when blood is used as the perfusate suggesting that components within diabetic blood may play a role in exacerbating the damage to the diabetic heart upon reperfusion. In a series of experiments, we tested the hypothesis that leukocytes are retained in the coronary microcirculation to a significant extent early in reperfusion following ischemia. We also examined if diabetic PMNs are hyperactivated, and are able to respond to exogenous inflammatory stimuli. Since diabetic blood is known to be hypercoagulable, we tested the hypothesis that platelet activation adhesion protein expression is increased in diabetic blood. Finally, we examined if platelet-PMN interactions are increased in diabetic blood. Our results indicate that, early in reperfusion following ischemia, leukocyte retention in the coronary capillaries and post-capillary venules is significantly increased in diabetic hearts compared to non-diabetic hearts. Our findings also indicate that PMNs from diabetics are hyperactivated compared to nondiabetic PMNs suggesting that, once sequestered, PMNs in the diabetic coronary microcirculation are able to initiate an exaggerated inflammatory response, which may exacerbate the reperfusion injury. We also found that platelet adhesion protein expression was enhanced in diabetics, an effect that was partially attenuated by aspirin usage. Platelet-PMN conjugate formation was increased in diabetic blood and appeared to enhance ROS production in diabetic PMNs since blockade of these aggregates attenuated PMN ROS production in diabetic blood. The results from these experiments indicate that both hyperactivated PMNs and platelets in diabetic blood likely contribute to exacerbated ischemia-reperfusion injury in the diabetic heart. Once the mechanisms of myocardial reperfusion injury in diabetes are known, therapeutic interventions can be introduced with the hope of attenuating the increased morbidity and mortality associated with ischemic heart disease in the diabetic population.
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