AuthorAlexander, Kate D.
Mundell, C. G.
Tanvir, N. R.
Williams, P. K. G.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Steward Observ
Keywordsgamma-ray burst: general
gamma-ray burst: individual (GRB 160625B)
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationA Reverse Shock and Unusual Radio Properties in GRB 160625B 2017, 848 (1):69 The Astrophysical Journal
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Rights© 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractWe present multi-wavelength observations and modeling of the exceptionally bright long gamma-ray burst GRB 160625B. The optical and X-ray data are well fit by synchrotron emission from a collimated blastwave with an opening angle of theta(j) approximate to 3 degrees.6 and kinetic energy of E-K approximate to 2 x 10(51) erg, propagating into a low-density (n approximate to 5 x 10(-5) cm(-3)) medium with a uniform profile. The forward shock is sub-dominant in the radio band; instead, the radio emission is dominated by two additional components. The first component is consistent with emission from a reverse shock, indicating an initial Lorentz factor of Gamma(0) greater than or similar to 100 and an ejecta magnetization of R-B approximate to 1-100. The second component exhibits peculiar spectral and temporal evolution and is most likely the result of scattering of the radio emission by the turbulent Milky Way interstellar medium (ISM). Such scattering is expected in any sufficiently compact extragalactic source and has been seen in GRBs before, but the large amplitude and long duration of the variability seen here are qualitatively more similar to extreme scattering events previously observed in quasars, rather than normal interstellar scintillation effects. High-cadence, broadband radio observations of future GRBs are needed to fully characterize such effects, which can sensitively probe the properties of the ISM and must be taken into account before variability intrinsic to the GRB can be interpreted correctly.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNSF grant [AST-1411763]; NASA ADA grant [NNX15AE50G]; NASA through Einstein Postdoctoral Fellowship [PF4-150121]; VLA Large Program [15A-235]