New Statistical Methods of Single-subject Transcriptome Analysis for Precision Medicine
Keywordslarge scale inference
AdvisorZhang, Hao H.
Lussier, Yves A.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractPrecision medicine provides targeted treatment for an individual patient based on disease mechanisms, promoting health care. Matched transcriptomes derived from a single subject enable uncovering patient-specific dynamic changes associated with disease status. Yet, conventional statistical methodologies remain largely unavailable for single-subject transcriptome analysis due to the "single-observation" challenge. We hypothesize that, with statistical learning approaches and large-scale inferences, one can learn useful information from single-subject transcriptome data by identifying differentially expressed genes (DEG) / pathways (DEP) between two transcriptomes of an individual. This dissertation is an ensemble of my research work in single-subject transcriptome analytics, including three projects with varying focuses. The first project describes a two-step approach to identify DEPs by employing a parametric Gaussian mixture model followed by Fisher's exact tests. The second project relaxes the parametric assumption and develops a nonparametric algorithm based on k-means, which is more flexible and robust. The third project proposes a novel variance stabilizing framework to transform raw gene counts before identifying DEGs, and the transformation strategically by-passes the challenge of variance estimation in single-subject transcriptome analysis. In this dissertation, I present the main statistical methods and computational algorithms for all the three projects, as well as their real-data applications to personalized treatments.
Degree ProgramGraduate College