Discovering the Barriers to Addressing Advance Care Planning in the Primary Care Setting
AuthorJones, Theresa Danzalan
Gregg, Shawnte R.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractAdvance care planning (ACP) is a process of discussing the patient’s wishes and preferences for future health care. ACP allows for the patient to retain their autonomy and involves informing the patient about their illness, prognosis, and their health care options. Despite the known advantages of completion of ACP forms, ACP discussions are minimal during primary care visits. The purpose of this DNP project was to identify primary care providers (PCP) beliefs and attitudes regarding barriers to addressing ACP with patients with a chronic illness in the primary care setting at one family practice clinic in Tucson, Arizona, and to determine if providing educational information will increase the PCPs intent to address ACP within clinical practice. A pre-survey, educational handout, and post-survey containing Likert-type scale questions and one ranking format question was created and sent via email to potential participants within the family practice clinic. The pre-survey requested demographic characteristics, and both the pre and post surveys assessed the PCPs beliefs and attitudes towards barriers to addressing ACP. 42 potential PCPs were asked to participate in the online surveys, eight (19%) completed the pre-survey, and four (9.5%) completed the post-survey. The data obtain from the surveys indicate lack of time, discomfort with the subject, and communication barriers as the most frequently reported perceived barriers to addressing ACP in the primary care setting. The results from this project can be used to understand PCPs beliefs and attitudes towards addressing ACP in the primary care setting and how this can affect future care of the patient when a serious illness occurs.
Degree ProgramGraduate College