A Descriptive Study of Oncology Providers' Attitudes, Subjective Norms, and Perceived Behavioral Control Regarding Discussion of Palliative Goals of Care for Individuals with Advanced Cancer
AdvisorReed, Pamela G
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractBackground: Palliative care means improving quality of life along a spectrum of illnesses including cancer. Cancer is one of the leading causes of death. Having the discussion of goals of care including palliative care is important to have with individuals who have advanced cancer. There were limited studies that identify the providers’ attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control on discussion of goals of care including palliative care. Purpose/Aim: This Doctoral Project consisted of identifying factors (i.e., attitudes, behaviors and subjective norms) in discussion of goals of care with their terminal cancer patients in the outpatient oncology clinic. Multiple studies have demonstrated the lack of knowledge providers have about palliative care. Through this study, the attitudes, subjective norms, and behaviors of providers were evaluated regarding goals of care for palliative care. Methods: An investigator developed questionnaire with six-point Likert-type scaling was used to measure each dimension (attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control) regarding discussion of goals regarding care. These questionnaires were sent electronically to the oncology providers at Arizona Center for Cancer Care in Phoenix, Arizona. The data were collected through Qualtrics. Outcomes: Six providers participated in the survey. Results on the Attitude subscale indicated that the providers regarded discussing goals of care including palliative as very important and beneficial to patients. In comparison to this subscale score, the results on the Subjective Norms and Perceived Behavioral Control subscales were somewhat lower, though still above the mean, indicating that providers regarded the norm and level of resources available for discussing goals of care as somewhat lacking in their work setting. Further research is needed in this area of inquiry, including a quality improvement project to promote quality care in discussing goals of care including palliative care with patients who are diagnosed with advanced cancer.
Degree ProgramGraduate College