AuthorWelch, Mariah Karyn
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractBackground: Unintentional childhood injuries are ranked as the fourth leading cause of death in the United States, with an average of 31 million children each year arriving in hospital emergency departments across the nation with accidental trauma related injuries (CDC, 2016). Pediatric providers are in a key position to assess, identify, and implement interventions to improve the rates of unintentional injuries that occur within the pediatric population. Purpose: This study will examine pediatric providers’ knowledge of injury prevention and practice behaviors regarding educating families and/or caregivers regarding injury prevention, and the frequency that patients and/or caregivers are provided with safety education. Method: An evidence-based educational intervention regarding home and environmental safety measure was delivered during a Phoenix Children’s Hospital “Grand Rounds”. The data was collected using a pre-test and post-test survey to assess providers’ pre-knowledge of unintentional injury and their practice behaviors. Aim 1: (a) assess the knowledge of pediatric healthcare providers regarding home and environmental age-appropriate safety measures for children, (b) determine the practice behaviors of pediatric healthcare providers in educating patients and/or families regarding injury prevention, and (c) examine the frequency that patients and/or caregivers are provided safety education by their healthcare provider. Aim 2: To evaluate the impact of the educational session on provider knowledge regarding unintentional injury in children. Results: The McNemar test was used to analyze changes in providers scores from pre- to post-test. The level of significance was set at 0.05. The McNemar test revealed a significant increase in the providers’ knowledge of injury prevention between pre- and post-test in the following areas: providers’ definitions of injury; providers’ knowledge of the organization that developed the Children Risk Assessment; the approach providers take to educate caregivers about age-appropriate injury prevention measures in the infant/child home and environment; and examination of how often providers assess patient developmental age. Conclusion: The results of the study showed a statistically significant improvement in providers’ understanding of the prevalence of unintentional childhood injuries from pre- to post-test and the importance of providing patients and families with information that aid in their understanding of injury prevention and home environmental safety interventions.
Degree ProgramGraduate College