Breast Cancer in Mexican American Women: Creating a Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Tool for Patient Education
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractMexican American women are at particular risk of being diagnosed with breast cancer at a later stage. Risk factors include genetics, limited screening practices, and delayed treatment. Evidence has shown culture to be an important factor influencing screening beliefs, health care behaviors, and breast cancer knowledge. A culturally and linguistically appropriate educational video about breast cancer and breast cancer screening recommendations was created, in both the English and Spanish languages, to engage Mexican American women and explore their perceptions and feedback about the culturally tailored intervention. Qualitative descriptive methodology was used to explore Mexican American women’s perceptions of a culturally and linguistically appropriate educational video about breast cancer and the importance of breast cancer screenings. Using snowball recruitment from a Spanish language breast cancer support group, eight Mexican origin women participated in a focus group interview. The interview was conducted in the Spanish language. The video production integrated Mexican cultural values and used them as instruments to present information about breast cancer and breast cancer screening recommendations. An extensive literature review and a theoretical underpinning helped guide the project purpose and intervention. The findings supported the importance of production of a culturally and linguistically appropriate education video to educate Mexican American women about breast cancer and the importance of breast cancer screenings. Analysis of the focus group discussion identified an overarching theme of “Language, Identity, Values” which supports the underlying premise that the information needed to be presented in the language spoken by the population of focus, in ways they could identify with, using cultural values to under pin the messages presented in the video. The implications for nurse practitioners, centers on the importance of employing Mexican cultural values when imparting knowledge. More studies like this one can help further identify the impact of Mexican cultural values on health care.
Degree ProgramGraduate College