Palliative Care Utilization in the Intensive Care Unit: A Descriptive Study
AuthorTorres, Nicole Marie
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractObjective: The Patient Self-Determination Act of 1990 (PSDA) protects a patient’s right to predetermine the level of life-supporting care they are willing to receive (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1993). In Arizona, the advance directive (AD) complies with the PSDA and is used to guide care in the event of cardiopulmonary failure. The AD may indicate “do not resuscitate” (DNR), which prohibits cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the event of cardiac arrest. In the institution used for this project, a palliative care team assists with identifying goals of care and helps guide interventions consistent with the AD. The purpose of this Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) project was to complete a retrospective chart review and identify patients admitted to the medical intensive care unit (ICU) with a DNR as indicated by a copy of the AD in the electronic health record (EHR) and determine if they received a palliative care consultation. This information could support a quality improvement project led by the DNP-prepared AGACNP focused on ensuring a palliative care consultation within 48 hours of admission for patients admitted to the ICU with a DNR. Methods: A search of the EHR identified patients admitted to the medical ICU over a 12-month period. The EHR of patients admitted with a DNR were reviewed to determine if they received a palliative care consultation during the ICU stay and the patient’s final disposition. Findings: A total of 38 patients had an AD indicating DNR status on admission to the medical ICU. Of those patients, 26 (68.4%) received a palliative care consultation. Twelve patients (31.6%) with a DNR status on admission did not receive a palliative care consultation. Additionally, five patients with a DNR (13.16%) died in the ICU without receiving a palliative care consultation. Conclusion: Twelve patients with an AD indicating a DNR did not receive a palliative care consultation, and five of those patients died in the ICU. The findings from this project support a quality improvement project to implement palliative care consults to review goals of care for patients with a pre-existing AD indicating a DNR code status.
Degree ProgramGraduate College