Exploring Barriers and Resources to Train and Retain PMHNPS in a Rural Community
AuthorJohnson, Deborah Susan
Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner PMHNP
Rural behavioral health
AdvisorPrettyman, Allen V.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThe prevalence of mental health disorders in the United States is estimated at 1 in 5 persons in any given year, with a lifetime prevalence of approximately 50% (National Institute of Mental Health, 2016a, 2016b). Despite scientific progress towards effective behavioral and psychopharmacological treatment, nearly 50% of Americans with mental illness do not receive treatment (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration [SAMHSA], 2014). This project will identify key geographical and logistical factors restricting recruitment and retention of psychiatric providers (MD or NP) for an underserved region in California. The results of the study will be used to develop a model for effective partnerships aimed at a “grow your own” approach to addressing the shortage of psychiatric providers. In California, the Mental Health Services Act (MHSA) was approved by the voters as Proposition 63 in 2004, funding expansion of mental health resources and specifically, workforce development (California Department of Health Care Services [DHCS], 2017). National funding also supports the expansion of PMHNP training and capacity through Health Resources and Service Administration (HRSA) and SAMHSA. Despite administrative and funding resources from MHSA and HRSA, the shortage of psychiatric providers continues in rural and remote areas. While few national studies have included nurse practitioners in the findings, a growing body of evidence suggests that nurse practitioners can serve similar if not the same function as physician colleagues (DiCicco-Bloom & Cunningham, 2014; National Governors Association, 2012; Newhouse et al, 2011). Barriers to mental health services in rural communities include challenges around a) availability, b) accessibility, c) affordability, and d) acceptability (Wilson, Bangs, & Hatting, 2015). Using a descriptive design, this project explores these factors necessary for patient access to psychiatric services in rural areas. A logic model is used to create a summary of the findings, which will be used to propose a clinical training partnership between an urban university-based PMHNP education and a rural clinic-based training to be completed upon conclusion of the project.
Degree ProgramGraduate College