Stellar Multiplicity Meets Stellar Evolution and Metallicity: The APOGEE View
Thompson, Todd A.
Covey, Kevin R.
Freeman, Peter E.
Walker, Matthew G.
Nidever, David L.
Prieto, Carlos Allende
Barbá, Rodolfo H.
Beers, Timothy C.
Carlberg, J. K.
Lee, Nathan De
Majewski, Steven R.
Stassun, Keivan G.
Stringfellow, G. S.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Steward Observ
Keywordsbinaries (including multiple): close
stars: fundamental parameters
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationStellar Multiplicity Meets Stellar Evolution and Metallicity: The APOGEE View 2018, 854 (2):147 The Astrophysical Journal
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Rights© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractWe use the multi-epoch radial velocities acquired by the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE) survey to perform a large-scale statistical study of stellar multiplicity for field stars in the Milky Way, spanning the evolutionary phases between the main sequence (MS) and the red clump. We show that the distribution of maximum radial velocity shifts (Delta RVmax) for APOGEE targets is a strong function of log g, with MS stars showing Delta RVmax as high as similar to 300 km s(-1), and steadily dropping down to similar to 30 km s(-1) for log g similar to 0, as stars climb up the red giant branch (RGB). Red clump stars show a distribution of Delta RVmax values comparable to that of stars at the tip of the RGB, implying they have similar multiplicity characteristics. The observed attrition of high Delta RVmax systems in the RGB is consistent with a lognormal period distribution in the MS and a multiplicity fraction of 0.35, which is truncated at an increasing period as stars become physically larger and undergo mass transfer after Roche Lobe overflow during H-shell burning. The Delta RVmax distributions also show that the multiplicity characteristics of field stars are metallicity-dependent, with metal-poor ([Fe/H] less than or similar to -0.5) stars having a multiplicity fraction a factor of 2-3 higher than metal-rich ([Fe/H] less than or similar to 0.0) stars. This has profound implications for the formation rates of interacting binaries observed by astronomical transient surveys and gravitational wave detectors, as well as the habitability of circumbinary planets.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsScialog Scholar grant from the Research Corporation ; Spanish MINECO [AYA2014-56359-P]; Physics Frontier Center/JINA Center for the Evolution of the Elements (JINA-CEE) - US National Science Foundation [PHY 14-30152]; Alfred P. Sloan Foundation; U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science; Brazilian Participation Group; Carnegie Institution for Science; Carnegie Mellon University; Chilean Participation Group; French Participation Group; Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics; Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias; Johns Hopkins University; Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (IPMU)/University of Tokyo; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Leibniz Institut fur Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP); Max-Planck-Institut fur Astronomie (MPIA Heidelberg); Max-Planck-Institut fur Astrophysik (MPA Garching); Max-Planck-Institut fur Extraterrestrische Physik (MPE); National Astronomical Observatories of China; New Mexico State University; New York University; University of Notre Dame; Observatario Nacional/MCTI; Ohio State University; Pennsylvania State University; Shanghai Astronomical Observatory; United Kingdom Participation Group; Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico; University of Arizona; University of Colorado Boulder; University of Oxford; University of Portsmouth; University of Utah; University of Virginia; University of Washington; University of Wisconsin; Vanderbilt University; Yale University