HD 104860 and HD 192758: Two Debris Disks Newly Imaged in Scattered Light with the Hubble Space Telescope
Chen, Christine H.
Debes, John H.
Hagan, J. B.
Hines, Dean C.
Stark, C. C.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Steward Observ
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PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationHD 104860 and HD 192758: Two Debris Disks Newly Imaged in Scattered Light with the Hubble Space Telescope 2018, 854 (1):53 The Astrophysical Journal
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Rights© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractWe present the first scattered-light images of two debris disks around the F8 star HD. 104860 and the F0V star HD. 192758, respectively similar to 45 and similar to 67. pc away. We detected these systems in the F110W and F160W filters through our reanalysis of archival Hubble Space Telescope (HST) NICMOS data with modern starlight-subtraction techniques. Our image of HD. 104860 confirms the morphology previously observed by Herschel in thermal emission with a well-defined ring at a radius of similar to 114. au inclined by similar to 58 degrees. Although the outer edge profile is consistent with dynamical evolution models, the sharp inner edge suggests sculpting by unseen perturbers. Our images of HD. 192758 reveal a disk at radius similar to 95. au inclined by similar to 59 degrees, never resolved so far. These disks have low scattering albedos of 10% and 13%, respectively, inconsistent with water ice grain compositions. They are reminiscent of several other disks with similar inclination and scattering albedos: Fomalhaut, HD. 92945, HD. 202628, and HD. 207129. They are also very distinct from brighter disks in the same inclination bin, which point to different compositions between these two populations. Varying scattering albedo values can be explained by different grain porosities, chemical compositions, or grain size distributions, which may indicate distinct formation mechanisms or dynamical processes at work in these systems. Finally, these faint disks with large infrared excesses may be representative of an underlying population of systems with low albedo values. Searches with more sensitive instruments on HST or on the James Webb Space Telescope and using state-of-the art starlight-subtraction methods may help discover more of such faint systems.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNASA through Hubble Fellowship - STScI [HF2-51355]; NASA [NAS5-26555, HST-AR-12652, HST-GO-11136, HST-GO-13855, HST-GO-13331, HST-AR-11279]; "Programme National de Planetologie" (PNP) of CNRS/INSU - CNES; STScI Director's Discretionary Research funds; HST programs [HST-GO-10527, HST-GO-11157]