Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorAlbert, Andrew
dc.date.accessioned2018-03-28T22:40:35Z
dc.date.available2018-03-28T22:40:35Z
dc.date.issued2018-03-28
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/627147
dc.descriptionA Thesis submitted to The University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Medicine.en
dc.description.abstractThis investigation assessed the diagnostic accuracy of thin-slice (1mm) axial Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in the detection and classification of meniscal tears. Meniscal injuries are a common reason for knee pain and the use of MRI has become standard in their assessment. However, the classification of tears and not merely the detection of lesions has become increasingly important to surgeons in deciding between surgery and conservative management. There is a growing body of literature examining the utility of axial MR images in aiding radiologists to more accurately describe and classify morphological characteristics of meniscus tears. However, the thick- slice (4-5mm) axial sequences utilized at many institutions typically only produce 1-2 images on which the menisci can be visualized, which does not provide the required detail to accurately describe the morphological characteristics of meniscal lesions. This study adds to the growing body of literature examining the diagnostic capabilities of MRI with TSAi to accurately describe meniscal tear morphologies. Imaging reports from 107 patients with clinically suspected meniscus injuries who underwent MRI with thin-slice axial imaging were compared to arthroscopic findings using receiver operating characteris (ROC) analysis to assess the diagnostic accuracy of MRI with thin- slice axial imaging (TSAi). The sensitivity and specificity of MRI with TSAi for meniscal tear detection were found to be 91% and 37.5% respectively. Furthermore, MRI with TSAi was highly specific for bucket handle (98.5%) and root ligament tears (94.1%). The findings of our investigation indicate that MRI with TSAi may assist surgeons in determining the need for operative versus conservative management. MRI with TSAi may be particularly helpful in the case of root tears, which were not as readily identified with traditional MRI techniques and often require surgical intervention due to morbidity associated with unrepaired root tears.
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the College of Medicine - Phoenix, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.subjectDiagnostic Accuracyen
dc.subjectThin-sliced Axialen
dc.subjectMeniscus Tearen
dc.subject.meshMagnetic Resonance Imagingen
dc.subject.meshMeniscusen
dc.titleEvaluation of Thin-Slice Axial Magnetic Resonance Imaging on the Diagnostic Accuracy of Meniscus Tearsen_US
dc.typetext; Electronic Thesisen
dc.contributor.departmentThe University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenixen
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item is part of the College of Medicine - Phoenix Scholarly Projects 2018 collection. For more information, contact the Phoenix Biomedical Campus Library at pbc-library@email.arizona.edu.en_US
dc.contributor.mentorLeung, Jimmyen
refterms.dateFOA2018-08-19T21:00:28Z
html.description.abstractThis investigation assessed the diagnostic accuracy of thin-slice (1mm) axial Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in the detection and classification of meniscal tears. Meniscal injuries are a common reason for knee pain and the use of MRI has become standard in their assessment. However, the classification of tears and not merely the detection of lesions has become increasingly important to surgeons in deciding between surgery and conservative management. There is a growing body of literature examining the utility of axial MR images in aiding radiologists to more accurately describe and classify morphological characteristics of meniscus tears. However, the thick- slice (4-5mm) axial sequences utilized at many institutions typically only produce 1-2 images on which the menisci can be visualized, which does not provide the required detail to accurately describe the morphological characteristics of meniscal lesions. This study adds to the growing body of literature examining the diagnostic capabilities of MRI with TSAi to accurately describe meniscal tear morphologies. Imaging reports from 107 patients with clinically suspected meniscus injuries who underwent MRI with thin-slice axial imaging were compared to arthroscopic findings using receiver operating characteris (ROC) analysis to assess the diagnostic accuracy of MRI with thin- slice axial imaging (TSAi). The sensitivity and specificity of MRI with TSAi for meniscal tear detection were found to be 91% and 37.5% respectively. Furthermore, MRI with TSAi was highly specific for bucket handle (98.5%) and root ligament tears (94.1%). The findings of our investigation indicate that MRI with TSAi may assist surgeons in determining the need for operative versus conservative management. MRI with TSAi may be particularly helpful in the case of root tears, which were not as readily identified with traditional MRI techniques and often require surgical intervention due to morbidity associated with unrepaired root tears.


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Name:
Albert, Andrew_Poster.pdf
Size:
194.2Kb
Format:
PDF
Thumbnail
Name:
AlbertA_Thesis.pdf
Size:
263.2Kb
Format:
PDF

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record