Pulmonary infection in patients with diabetes mellitus and without diabetes mellitus
AuthorSebade, Derek Lee
Committee ChairDavis, Jean
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to identify and compare the pulmonary infection characteristics of diabetic and non-diabetic patients with pneumonia. Using retrospective chart review, pneumonia characteristics were collected and compared between 30 diabetic and 30 non-diabetic subjects. Comparisons were made between causative organisms, blood glucose levels, length of stay in the hospital, intravenous antibiotic prescription on discharge, and cost of care. The 30 non-diabetics were matched to the diabetics by age, sex, and year of admission to the hospital. Results indicated that the diabetic group was affected by a few different organisms than the non-diabetic group, had a significantly higher blood glucose on admission to the hospital, did not stay in the hospital longer, did not require any more intravenous antibiotic use on discharge than non-diabetics, and cost the health care system the same amount of money as the non-diabetic subjects. Nursing implications included increased demands for diabetic education, prevention programs, and development of care plans that address the needs of hospitalized diabetics with pneumonia.
Degree ProgramGraduate College