Confronting Models of Massive Star Evolution and Explosions with Remnant Mass Measurements
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Astron
Univ Arizona, Steward Observ
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationCarolyn A. Raithel et al 2018 ApJ 856 35
Rights© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
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AbstractThe mass distribution of compact objects provides a fossil record that can be studied to uncover information on the late stages of massive star evolution, the supernova explosion mechanism, and the dense matter equation of state. Observations of neutron star masses indicate a bimodal Gaussian distribution, while the observed black hole mass distribution decays exponentially for stellar-mass black holes. We use these observed distributions to directly confront the predictions of stellar evolution models and the neutrino-driven supernova simulations of Sukhbold et al. We find strong agreement between the black hole and low-mass neutron star distributions created by these simulations and the observations. We show that a large fraction of the stellar envelope must be ejected, either during the formation of stellar-mass black holes or prior to the implosion through tidal stripping due to a binary companion, in order to reproduce the observed black hole mass distribution. We also determine the origins of the bimodal peaks of the neutron star mass distribution, finding that the low-mass peak (centered at similar to 1.4 M-circle dot) originates from progenitors with M-ZAMS approximate to 9-18 M-circle dot. The simulations fail to reproduce the observed peak of high-mass neutron stars (centered at similar to 1.8 M-circle dot) and we explore several possible explanations. We argue that the close agreement between the observed and predicted black hole and low-mass neutron star mass distributions provides new, promising evidence that these stellar evolution and explosion models capture the majority of relevant stellar, nuclear, and explosion physics involved in the formation of compact objects.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNSF [DGE-1143953, PHY-1404311]; John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation; NASA [NNX16AC56G]