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dc.contributor.authorHarrison, Stephan
dc.contributor.authorKargel, Jeffrey S.
dc.contributor.authorHuggel, Christian
dc.contributor.authorReynolds, John
dc.contributor.authorShugar, Dan H.
dc.contributor.authorBetts, Richard A.
dc.contributor.authorEmmer, Adam
dc.contributor.authorGlasser, Neil
dc.contributor.authorHaritashya, Umesh K.
dc.contributor.authorKlimes, Jan
dc.contributor.authorReinhardt, Liam
dc.contributor.authorSchaub, Yvonne
dc.contributor.authorWiltshire, Andy
dc.contributor.authorRegmi, Dhananjay
dc.contributor.authorVilimek, Vit
dc.identifier.citationHarrison, S., Kargel, J. S., Huggel, C., Reynolds, J., Shugar, D. H., Betts, R. A., Emmer, A., Glasser, N., Haritashya, U. K., Klimeš, J., Reinhardt, L., Schaub, Y., Wiltshire, A., Regmi, D., and Vilímek, V.: Climate change and the global pattern of moraine-dammed glacial lake outburst floods, The Cryosphere, 12, 1195-1209,, 2018.en_US
dc.description.abstractDespite recent research identifying a clear anthropogenic impact on glacier recession, the effect of recent climate change on glacier-related hazards is at present unclear. Here we present the first global spatio-temporal assessment of glacial lake outburst floods (GLOFs) focusing explicitly on lake drainage following moraine dam failure. These floods occur as mountain glaciers recede and downwaste. GLOFs can have an enormous impact on downstream communities and infrastructure. Our assessment of GLOFs associated with the rapid drainage of moraine-dammed lakes provides insights into the historical trends of GLOFs and their distributions under current and future global climate change. We observe a clear global increase in GLOF frequency and their regularity around 1930, which likely represents a lagged response to post-Little Ice Age warming. Notably, we also show that GLOF frequency and regularity – rather unexpectedly – have declined in recent decades even during a time of rapid glacier recession. Although previous studies have suggested that GLOFs will increase in response to climate warming and glacier recession, our global results demonstrate that this has not yet clearly happened. From an assessment of the timing of climate forcing, lag times in glacier recession, lake formation and moraine-dam failure, we predict increased GLOF frequencies during the next decades and into the 22nd century.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipLeverhulme Research Fellowship; HELIX (European Union Seventh Framework Programme FP7) [603864]; Joint UK DECC/Defra Met Office Hadley Centre Climate Programme [GA01101]; NASA's Understanding Changes in High Mountain Asia programme; NASA/USAID SERVIR Applied Science Team programme; United Nations Development Programen_US
dc.rights© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.en_US
dc.titleClimate change and the global pattern of moraine-dammed glacial lake outburst floodsen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniv Arizona, Dept Hydrol & Atmospher Sci, Tucson, AZ 85742 USAen_US
dc.description.noteOpen Access Journal.en_US
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at
dc.eprint.versionFinal published versionen_US

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© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.