A gender- and culturally-sensitive weight loss intervention for Hispanic males: The ANIMO randomized controlled trial pilot study protocol and recruitment methods
AuthorGarcia, David O.
Valdez, Luis A.
Bell, Melanie L.
Hooker, Steven P.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Mel & Enid Zuckerman Coll Publ Hlth, Dept Hlth Promot Sci
Univ Arizona, Mel & Enid Zuckerman Coll Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat
Univ Arizona, Coll Agr & Life Sci
Univ Arizona, Coll Nursing
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CitationGarcia, D. O., Valdez, L. A., Bell, M. L., Humphrey, K., Hingle, M., McEwen, M., & Hooker, S. P. (2018). A gender-and culturally-sensitive weight loss intervention for Hispanic males: The ANIMO randomized controlled trial pilot study protocol and recruitment methods. Contemporary clinical trials communications, 9, 151-163.
Rights© 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY-NC-ND/4.0/).
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AbstractHispanic men have the highest rates of overweight and obesity when compared to men of other racial/ethnic groups, placing them at increased risk for obesity-related disease. Yet, Hispanic men are grossly under-represented in weight loss research. Tailored intervention strategies to improve obesity treatment programs for this vulnerable racial/ethnic subgroup are needed. This manuscript describes recruitment strategies, methodology, and participant characteristics of the ANIMO study, a 24-week randomized controlled pilot trial testing the effects of a gender-and culturally-sensitive weight loss intervention (GCSWLI) on body weight in Hispanic men compared to a wait-list control condition. The ANIMO study included two phases. The first phase was a 12-week GCSWLI. Participants attended weekly in-person individual sessions guided by a trained bilingual Hispanic male lifestyle coach, were prescribed a daily reduced calorie goal, and 225 min of moderate-intensity physical activity per week. In the second phase, GCSWLI participants received bi-weekly phone calls across a 12-week follow-up. Wait-list control (WLC) participants from phase 1 received the GCSWLI plus mobile health technology support. Recruitment strategies included face-to-face efforts at a swap meet (outdoor marketplace), family/friend referrals, printed advertisements and social media. Recruitment, screening, and participant enrollment occurred over three months. Overall, 143 men expressed interest in participation. Of these, 115 were screened and 78% (n=90) were eligible to participate; 45% of enrolled participants (n=52) completed baseline assessments and 43% (n=50) were randomized (mean age of 43.3 +/- 11.4 years; BMI: 34.1 +/- 5.3 kg/m(2); 58% Spanish monolingual). Parameter estimates from ANIMO will support future adequately powered trials for this health disparate population.
NoteOpen access article.
UA Open Access Publishing Fund.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsUniversity of Arizona Cancer Center Disparities Pilot Project Award; University of Arizona Cancer Center Support Grant [P30CA23074]; University of Arizona Foundation; Dean's Canyon Ranch Center for Prevention and Health Promotion Fund
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY-NC-ND/4.0/).
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