A pattern-mixture model approach for handling missing continuous outcome data in longitudinal cluster randomized trials
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Mel & Enid Zuckerman Coll Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat
MetadataShow full item record
CitationFiero MH, Hsu C‐H, Bell ML. A pattern‐mixture model approach for handling missing continuous outcome data in longitudinal cluster randomized trials. Statistics in Medicine. 2017;36:4094–4105. https://doi.org/10.1002/sim.7418
JournalSTATISTICS IN MEDICINE
RightsCopyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at email@example.com.
AbstractWe extend the pattern-mixture approach to handle missing continuous outcome data in longitudinal cluster randomized trials, which randomize groups of individuals to treatment arms, rather than the individuals themselves. Individuals who drop out at the same time point are grouped into the same dropout pattern. We approach extrapolation of the pattern-mixture model by applying multilevel multiple imputation, which imputes missing values while appropriately accounting for the hierarchical data structure found in cluster randomized trials. To assess parameters of interest under various missing data assumptions, imputed values are multiplied by a sensitivity parameter, k, which increases or decreases imputed values. Using simulated data, we show that estimates of parameters of interest can vary widely under differing missing data assumptions. We conduct a sensitivity analysis using real data from a cluster randomized trial by increasing k until the treatment effect inference changes. By performing a sensitivity analysis for missing data, researchers can assess whether certain missing data assumptions are reasonable for their cluster randomized trial.
Note12 month embargo; published online: 07 August 2017
VersionFinal accepted manuscript
SponsorsNational Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health [P30 CA023074]
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