Summer dry-down modulates the isotopic composition of soil CO2 production in snow-dominated landscapes.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Sch Nat Resources & Environm
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherPUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
CitationRiveros-Iregui DA, Lorenzo TM, Liang LL, Hu J (2018) Summer dry-down modulates the isotopic composition of soil CO2 production in snow-dominated landscapes. PLoS ONE 13(5): e0197471. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0197471
Rights© 2018 Riveros-Iregui et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
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AbstractIn mountainous landscapes, soil moisture is highly dynamic due to the effects of topography and the temporal variability imposed by seasonal precipitation, including rainfall and snow. Soil moisture is known to affect ecosystem carbon exchange both aboveground and belowground, as well as the stable isotopic composition of exchanged CO2. In this study we used an extensive suite of measurements to examine the effects of seasonal changes in soil moisture on the isotopic composition of soil CO2 production at the landscape level. We show that the seasonal decline in soil moisture (i.e., summer dry-down) appeared to impose a trend in the δ13C of soil CO2 production (δP) with more negative δP early in the growing season when soils were wet, and more positive δP as the growing season progressed and soils dried out. This seemingly generalizable pattern for a snow-dominated watershed is likely to represent the variability of recently assimilated C, tracked through the plant-soil system and imprinted in the respired CO2. Thus, our observations suggest that, at least for mountainous environments, seasonal changes in δP are largely mediated by soil moisture and their spatial variability is partially organized by topography.
NoteOpen access journal.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsU.S. Department of Agriculture [2012-67019-19360]; Department of Geography at UNC-Chapel Hill