Female combatants, forced recruitment, and civil conflict outcomes
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Sch Govt & Publ Policy
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherSAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
CitationFemale combatants, forced recruitment, and civil conflict outcomes, Alex Braithwaite and Luna B. Ruiz, Research & Politics, https://doi.org/10.1177/2053168018770559
JournalRESEARCH & POLITICS
RightsCopyright © 2018, © SAGE Publications Creative Commons NonCommercial-NoDerivs CC-BY-NC-ND: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 License
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractWomen participated as combatants in almost 40% of civil conflicts that occurred between 1979 and 2009. We offer a novel argument about the effect of female combatants upon the outcomes of the civil conflicts that they join. Groups that recruit female combatants are more likely to achieve victory in their conflicts than are groups that do not recruit female combatants. However, when rebel groups rely upon forced recruitment, they risk undermining the benefits associated with female combatants, lowering their likelihood of victory relative to that of the government. We test this conditional argument using multinomial logistic regression models on a sample of 194 rebel groups globally from 1979 to 2009. We find that female participation appears to decrease the likelihood of government victory in civil wars; this effect holds primarily in instances in which female participation could plausibly be thought of as voluntary. Forced female participation, by contrast, appears to increase the likelihood of a government victory.
NoteOpen access journal.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsCarnegie Corporation of New York