Orientation and Experience in the Perception of Form: A Study with the Arizona Whale–Kangaroo
AuthorKihlstrom, John F.
Peterson, Mary A.
McConkey, Kevin M.
Glisky, Martha L.
Rose, Patricia M.
culture and perception
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherUNIV ILLINOIS PRESS
CitationJohn F. Kihlstrom, Mary A. Peterson, Kevin M. Mcconkey, Jacquelyn Cranney, Martha L. Glisky, & Patricia M. Rose. (2018). Orientation and Experience in the Perception of Form: A Study with the Arizona Whale–Kangaroo. The American Journal of Psychology, 131(2), 129-139. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5406/amerjpsyc.131.2.0129
JournalAMERICAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY
RightsCopyright © 2018 by the Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractWhen subjects are presented with the Arizona whale-kangaroo, an ambiguous figure, perception of the whale is more common than perception of the kangaroo. However, this difference is smaller in Australian than American subjects. Perception of the kangaroo is more orientation dependent than perception of the whale, which is perceived at all orientations of the stimulus. Together with the difference between subject populations, this effect reveals an influence of past experience on the perception of this new ambiguous figure. Perception of the whale versus the kangaroo differs in both reconstrual of parts and realignment of the object-centered reference frame. Observers report reference frame reconstruals before reference frame reversals, shedding light on the organization of object memory.
Note12 month embargo; published online: 1 June 2018
VersionFinal accepted manuscript
SponsorsNational Institute of Mental Health [MH-35856]; National Science Foundation [BNS-90-09100]; Air Force Office of Scientific Research; Office of Naval Research [ONR N00014-14-1-061]