Association of dispositional optimism with Life’s Simple 7’s Cardiovascular Health Index: results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) Sociocultural Ancillary Study (SCAS)
González, Hector M
Moskowitz, Judith T
Carnethon, Mercedes R
Gallo, Linda C
Penedo, Frank J
Isasi, Carmen R
Ruiz, John Manuel
McCurley, Jessica L
Daviglus, Martha L
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Psychol
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherBMJ PUBLISHING GROUP
CitationHernandez R, González HM, Tarraf W, et al Association of dispositional optimism with Life’s Simple 7’s Cardiovascular Health Index: results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) Sociocultural Ancillary Study (SCAS) BMJ Open 2018;8:e019434. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019434
Rights© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted. This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractObjectives Mounting evidence links positive psychological functioning to restorative health processes and favourable medical outcomes. However, very little is known about the relationship between optimism, an indicator of psychological functioning and the American Heart Association (AHA)-defined concept of cardiovascular health (CVH), particularly in Hispanics/Latinos of diverse backgrounds. To address limitations of existing literature, this study investigated the association between dispositional optimism and CVH in a heterogeneous sample of Hispanics/Latinos residing in the USA. Design Cross-sectional study. Participants and setting Data were analysed from 4919 adults ages 18-75 of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos parent study and the Sociocultural Ancillary Study. Main outcome measures Optimism was assessed using the 6-item Life Orientation Test-Revised (range from 6 to 30). AHA classification standards were used to derive an additive CVH score with operationalisation of indicators as Ideal, Intermediate and Poor. The overall CVH score included indicators of diet, body mass index, physical activity, cholesterol, blood pressure, fasting glucose and smoking status. Multivariate linear and logistic regressions were used to examine associations of optimism with CVH (Life's Simple 7), after adjusting for sociodemographic factors and depressive symptoms. Results Each increase in the optimism total score was associated with a greater CVH score (beta=0.03 per unit increase, 95% CI 0.01 to 0.05). When modelling tertiles of optimism, participants with moderate (p=0.24 to 95 % Cl 0.06 to 0.42) and high (beta=0.12, 95% CI 0.01 to 0.24) levels of optimism displayed greater CVH scores when compared with their least optimistic peers. Conclusion This study offers preliminary evidence for an association between optimism and CVH in a large heterogeneous group of Hispanic/Latino adults. Our study adds scientific knowledge of psychological assets that may promote CVH and suggests a novel therapeutic target for consideration. Future studies are needed to explore causality and potential mechanism underlying the relationship between positive emotion and heart health.
NoteOpen access journal.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNational Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute [1K01HL130712, N01-HC65233, N01-HC65234, N01-HC65235, N01-HC65236, N01-HC65237]
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted. This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license.
- The association of employment status with ideal cardiovascular health factors and behaviors among Hispanic/Latino adults: Findings from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL).
- Authors: Estrella ML, Rosenberg NI, Durazo-Arvizu RA, Gonzalez HM, Loop MS, Singer RH, Lash JP, Castañeda SF, Perreira KM, Eldeirawi K, Daviglus ML
- Issue date: 2018
- Life's Simple 7's Cardiovascular Health Metrics are Associated with Hispanic/Latino Neurocognitive Function: HCHS/SOL Results.
- Authors: González HM, Tarraf W, Gouskova N, Rodríguez CJ, Rundek T, Grober E, Pirzada A, González P, Lutsey PL, Camacho A, Daviglus ML, Wright C, Mosley TH
- Issue date: 2016 Jun 18
- Association of Subjective Social Status With Life's Simple 7s Cardiovascular Health Index Among Hispanic/Latino People: Results From the HCHS/SOL.
- Authors: Piedra LM, Andrade FCD, Hernandez R, Perreira KM, Gallo LC, González HM, Gonzalez S, Cai J, Chen J, Castañeda SF, Tabb KM, Talavera GA, Durazo-Arvizu RA, Daviglus ML
- Issue date: 2021 Aug 17
- The association of positive affect and cardiovascular health in Hispanics/Latinos with chronic kidney disease: Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL).
- Authors: Hernandez R, Lash JP, Burrows B, Wilund KR, Mattix-Kramer HJ, Peralta C, Durazo-Arvizu RA, Talavera GA, Penedo FJ, Khambaty T, Moncrieft AE, Chen J, Daviglus ML
- Issue date: 2019 Sep
- Does education modify the effect of ethnicity in the expression of ideal cardiovascular health? The Baptist Health South Florida Employee Study.
- Authors: Ogunmoroti O, Utuama OA, Michos ED, Valero-Elizondo J, Okunrintemi V, Taleb ZB, Bahelah R, Das S, Rouseff M, Parris D, Agatston A, Feldman T, Veledar E, Maziak W, Nasir K
- Issue date: 2017 Nov