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dc.contributor.authorCheng, Penghui
dc.contributor.authorWang, Yan
dc.contributor.authorLiang, Juanboo
dc.contributor.authorWu, Yinbao
dc.contributor.authorWright, Andredenis
dc.contributor.authorLiao, Xindi
dc.date.accessioned2018-08-15T17:06:50Z
dc.date.available2018-08-15T17:06:50Z
dc.date.issued2018-06-22
dc.identifier.citationCheng P, Wang Y, Liang J, Wu Y, Wright A and Liao X (2018) Exploratory Analysis of the Microbiological Potential for Efficient Utilization of Fiber Between Lantang and Duroc Pigs. Front. Microbiol. 9:1342. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.01342en_US
dc.identifier.issn1664-302X
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fmicb.2018.01342
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/628526
dc.description.abstractThere is growing interest in the use of unconventional feed ingredients containing higher dietary fiber for pig production due to increasing prices of cereal grains and the potential health benefits of dietary fiber on host animals. This study aimed to gain insight into the community-wide microbiome population between the Chinese native Lantang pigs and the commercial Duroc pigs to uncover the microbiological mechanisms for the degradation capacity of fiber in pigs. Utilizing the metagenomics approach, we compared the phylogeny and functional capacity of the fecal microbiome from approximately 150-day-old female Lantang and Duroc pigs fed a similar diet. The structure of the fecal microbial community from the two pig breeds was different at the genus level; the number of genes associated with fiber degradation was higher in Lantang pigs. Further analysis and prediction of their functions from the fecal microbiomes of the two pig breeds revealed that the degradation capacities of fiber, branched chain fatty acids, and oligosaccharides were higher in Lantang pigs. The ability of lignocellulose bonding modules and the transport capacities of xylose, L-arabinose, ribose and methyl galactose were also higher in Lantang pigs. Similarly, the metabolic capacities of xylose, ribose, and fucose and the potential effectiveness of the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA) and gene abundance in the hydrogen sink pathway were higher in the fecal microbiome from Lantang pigs. Lantang pigs have a higher capacity to utilize dietary fiber than Duroc pigs, and the differences in the capability to utilize dietary fiber between the indigenous and commercial pigs could be differences in the composition and biological function of the gut microbiota.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Key R&D Program of China [2016YFD0501408]en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SAen_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmicb.2018.01342/fullen_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2018.01342/supplementary-material/10.3389/fmicb.2018.01342.s001en_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2018.01342/supplementary-material/10.3389/fmicb.2018.01342.s002en_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2018.01342/supplementary-material/10.3389/fmicb.2018.01342.s003en_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2018.01342/supplementary-material/10.3389/fmicb.2018.01342.s004en_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2018.01342/supplementary-material/10.3389/fmicb.2018.01342.s005en_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2018.01342/supplementary-material/10.3389/fmicb.2018.01342.s006en_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2018.01342/supplementary-material/10.3389/fmicb.2018.01342.s007en_US
dc.rights© 2018 Cheng, Wang, Liang, Wu, Wright and Liao. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).en_US
dc.subjectpigen_US
dc.subjectmetagenomeen_US
dc.subjectdietary fiberen_US
dc.subjectmicrobiomeen_US
dc.subjectbreeden_US
dc.titleExploratory Analysis of the Microbiological Potential for Efficient Utilization of Fiber Between Lantang and Duroc Pigsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniv Arizona, Coll Agr & Life Sci, Sch Anim & Comparat Biomed Scien_US
dc.identifier.journalFRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGYen_US
dc.description.noteOpen access journal.en_US
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at repository@u.library.arizona.edu.en_US
dc.eprint.versionFinal published versionen_US
dc.source.journaltitleFrontiers in Microbiology
dc.source.volume9
refterms.dateFOA2018-08-15T17:06:51Z


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