AuthorMunro, Natalie D.
Meier, Jacqueline S.
Stiner, Mary C.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Anthropol
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherNATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
CitationMunro, N. D., Bar-Oz, G., Meier, J. S., Sapir-Hen, L., Stiner, M. C., & Yeshurun, R. (2018). The Emergence of Animal Management in the Southern Levant. Scientific Reports (Nature Publisher Group), 8, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-27647-z
Rights© The Author(s) 2018. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractOur compilation of zooarchaeological data from a series of important archaeological sites spanning the Epipaleolithic through Pre-Pottery Neolithic B periods in the Mediterranean Hills of the southern Levant contributes to major debates about the beginnings of ungulate management in Southwest Asia. The data support an onset of ungulate management practices by the Early PPNB (10,500-10,000 cal. BP), more than 500 years earlier than previously thought for this region. There is a clear developmental connection between reduced hunting intensity and the uptake of ungulate management, confirming that this process began in response to local, density-dependent demographic factors. The early process of goat domestication in the southern Levant appears to have been overwhelmingly local. This may have been true for cattle and pigs as well. Nevertheless, the loose synchrony of animal management trends across Southwest Asia was undoubtedly enabled by large-scale social networks that transmitted knowledge. The results add to growing evidence that animal management processes followed multiple regional evolutionary pathways within the Fertile Crescent.
NoteOpen access journal.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNSF [BCS-0618937, BCS-1355608, SBR-9511894]; Israel Science Foundation [147/04]; Irene Levi-Sala CARE Archaeological Foundation
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