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dc.contributor.authorPanyushkina, Irina
dc.contributor.authorSlyusarenko, Igor Y
dc.contributor.authorSala, Renato
dc.contributor.authorDeom, Jean-Marc
dc.contributor.authorToleubayev, Abdesh T
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-06T23:42:40Z
dc.date.available2018-09-06T23:42:40Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.citationPanyushkina I.P., Slyusarenko I.V., Deom J.-M., Sala R., Toleubaev A. 2016. Calendar age of the Baigetobe kurgan from the Iron Age Saka cemetery at Shilikty Valley, Kazakhstan. Radiocarbon, 
DOI: 10.1017/RDC.2015.15en_US
dc.identifier.issn0033-8222
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/RDC.2015.15
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/628659
dc.description.abstracthis study addresses the development of an absolute chronology for prominent burial sites of Inner Asian nomadic cultures. We investigate Saka archaeological wood from a well-known gold-filled Baigetobe kurgan (burial mound #1 of Shilikty-3 cemetery) to estimate its calendar age using tree-ring and 14C dating. The Saka was the southernmost tribal group of Asian Scythians, who roamed Central Asia during the 1st millennium BC (Iron Age). The Shilikty is a large burial site located in the Altai Mountains along the border between Kazakhstan and China. We present a new floating tree-ring chronology of larch and five new 14C dates from the construction timbers of the Baigetobe kurgan. The results of Bayesian modeling suggest the age of studied timbers is ~730–690 cal BC. This places the kurgan in early Scythian time and authenticates a previously suggested age of the Baigetobe gold collection between the 8th and 7th centuries BC derived from the typology of grave goods and burial rites. Chronolo- gically and stylistically, the Scythian Animal Style gold from the Baigetobe kurgan is closer to Early Scythians in the North Caucasus and Tuva than to the local Saka occurrences in the Kazakh Altai. Our dating results indicate that the Baigetobe kurgan was nearly contemporaneous to the Arjan-2 kurgan (Tuva) and could be one of the earliest kurgans of the Saka-Scythian elite in Central Asia.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherCambridge Univ Pressen_US
dc.rights© 2016 by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjecttree-ring datingen_US
dc.subjectradiocarbon datingen_US
dc.subjectchronology of Scythian antiquityen_US
dc.subjectarchaeological timbersen_US
dc.subjectEurasian Steppeen_US
dc.subjectChiliktaen_US
dc.subjectAltai Mountainsen_US
dc.titleCalendar age of the Baigetobe kurgan from the Iron Age Saka cemetery at Shilikty Valley, Kazakhstanen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn1945-5755
dc.contributor.departmentLaboratory of Tree-Ring Research, University of Arizonaen_US
dc.identifier.journalRadiocarbonen_US
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at repository@u.library.arizona.edu.en_US
dc.eprint.versionFinal published versionen_US
refterms.dateFOA2018-09-06T23:42:40Z


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