THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WAR AND MEDICAL PROGRESS AS SEEN IN THE SPECIFIC CASE OF TYPHUS IN EUROPE DURING WWII
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThere is a well established connection between war and medical advancement in history. The necessities and stress of conflict push scientific ingenuity and the funding provided by the military enhancing scientists’ ability to innovate. However, this process is hardly a simple cause-effect relationship but often the outcome of complex interactions between governments, the military, and scientists. In this paper I argue that there are certain requirements that need to be met to achieve medical and scientific advancement during war. By examining a single case: typhus prevention in Europe during World War II, I explore the effect of certain complications and ineptitudes that prevent the furthering of medical knowledge, juxtaposing it against successful scientific and medical innovation. I contrast the successful improvement of public health medicine by the western Allies, especially the United States, to the unsuccessful attempt at medical advancement made by Nazi Germany. The evidence I provide to support my argument is drawn from contemporary medical reports and scientific papers as well as previous research on typhus and military public health medicine.
Degree ProgramHonors College