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dc.contributor.authorDickinson, W.R.
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-29T00:26:58Z
dc.date.available2018-09-29T00:26:58Z
dc.date.issued2003
dc.identifier.citationDickinson, W.R., 2003, Excursion to Gardner Canyon - Sedimentological and Tectonic Context of Mesozoic Strata in the Santa Rita Mountains, Southeastern Arizona: Arizona Geological Survey Contributed Report CR-03-A, 31 p.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/629278
dc.descriptionIn southeastern Arizona, many mountain ranges south of 1-10 harbor variably modified Jurassic and Laramide calderas. A dozen major calderas have been identified (see below after Lipman and Sawyer, 1985; Riggs, 1987; Lipman and Fridrich, 1990; Riggs and 0 Haxel, 1990; Riggs and Busby-Spera, 1991; Lipman and Hagstrum, 1992; Lipman, 1993; Moore, 1993; Ferguson et aI., 2000, 2001; Richard et al., 2000)0 The fills, walls, and floors of the calderas occupy a significant percentage of pre-Cenozoic bedrock exposures outside Cenozoic volcanic fields and alluviated basins. Essentially all the calderas have had some morphological features removed by deep erosion, have been tilted by later structural deformation, and are locally disrupted by younger faults. Recognition of the calderas is nevertheless vital for understanding the geologic framework of southeastern Arizona. Without appreciation of their presence, structural and sedimentological interpretations become garbled. All the ranges were initially mapped by field geologists who lacked the volcanological insights required to appreciate the presence of calderas, and essentially all pre-1985 geologic maps are inadequate. The earlier compilation of Drewes (1980), for example, shows no Mesozoic calderas in any guise. Recognition of the calderas had to await the capability to distinguish routinely between welded tuffs and lava flows, between thick ignimbrite masses ponded within calderas and more widespread outflow tuff sheets, between intracaldera tuffs and hypabyssal intrusions, between intracaldera landslide megabreccias and other disrupted rock masses, between the onlapping depositional contacts beneath ash-flow tuff bodies that are emergent from caldera rims and more widespread unconformable contacts, between caldera-bounding structures and other kinds offaults, between caldera-rim concentric or radial dikes and other kinds of dike swarms, and between resurgent domes or intrusions of caldera interiors and plutons unrelated to calderas.
dc.language.isoen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCR-03-A
dc.relation.urlhttp://repository.azgs.az.gov/uri_gin/azgs/dlio/367
dc.rightsArizona Geological Survey. All rights reserved.
dc.subjectArizona Geological Survey Contributed Reports
dc.subjectArizona
dc.subjectSanta Rita Mountains
dc.subjectMesozoic Strata
dc.subjectSedimentological
dc.subjectTectonic Context
dc.subjectExursion
dc.subjectMesozoic
dc.subjectSanta Cruz County
dc.subjectPima County
dc.subjectintracaldera tuff
dc.subjectfield trip
dc.subjectvolcanological
dc.subjectmegabreccia
dc.subjectignimbrites
dc.subjecttectonics
dc.subjectcalderas
dc.titleExcursion to Gardner Canyon - Sedimentological and Tectonic Context of Mesozoic Strata in the Santa Rita Mountains, Southeastern Arizona
csdgm.bounding.west-111.127
csdgm.bounding.east-110.479
csdgm.bounding.north32.0248
csdgm.bounding.south31.4502
dc.description.collectioninformationDocuments in the AZGS Document Repository collection are made available by the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) and the University Libraries at the University of Arizona. For more information about items in this collection, please contact azgs-info@email.arizona.edu.
refterms.dateFOA2018-09-29T00:26:58Z


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