KeywordsArizona Geological Survey Open File Reports
RARE II AREAS
Kaibab National Forest
Coronado National Forest
Apache National Forest
Tonto National Forest
Prescott National Forest
Coconino National Forest
Oil and Gas
MetadataShow full item record
CitationPeirce, H.W., 1983, Earth Materials Evaluation - Arizona Rare II Areas. Arizona Geological Survey Open File Report, OFR-83-13, 19 p.
DescriptionKnowing that mineral-energy resource evaluation is a three-dimensional problem, we approach this task humbled by the knowledge that the world is full of surprises. We also recognize that the future well-being of all societies will continue to depend upon the search for and discovery of a myriad of earth material resources considered essential to modern civilizations. This will not happen unless we learn more about the earth and unless lands of diverse geologic types are open to investigation by techniques of the times.
RightsArizona Geological Survey. All rights reserved.
Collection InformationDocuments in the AZGS Document Repository collection are made available by the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) and the University Libraries at the University of Arizona. For more information about items in this collection, please contact email@example.com.
North Bounding Coordinate37.3203
South Bounding Coordinate30.6974
West Bounding Coordinate-115.576
East Bounding Coordinate-108.984
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
A conspiracy of optimism: Sustained yield, multiple use, and intensive management on the national forests, 1945-1991.Carter, Paul; Hirt, Paul Wayne. (The University of Arizona., 1991)This is a historical study of the intersection of political economy with natural resources management, as played out on the national forests between 1945-1991. Specifically, it focuses on two core national forest management policies; sustained yield and multiple use. These two policy directives represent an attempt by the public and elected officials to apply principles of sustainable development to publicly-owned forest lands, and to ensure that a wide variety of both market and nonmarket forest values are preserved for the benefit of present and future generations. Interest groups, the Forest Service, and policy makers have conceived of sustained yield and multiple use in different and evolving ways over the years. This study explores how these principles have been variously defined and either implemented or thwarted. After World War Two, with escalating demands on national forest resources, the U.S. Forest Service turned to "intensive management" as a technological method of enhancing natural forest productivity and mitigating the environmental effects of increased use. But the agency's optimistic vision of efficient, sustained production of forest commodities through technical mastery over nature has met overwhelming fiscal, environmental, technical, and political obstacles. Nevertheless, agency leaders, industry advocates, and politicians have consistently promulgated an optimistic faith that intensive applications of labor, capital, and technology can maximize and harmonize multiple uses, rehabilitate damaged resources, and sustain high levels of outputs in perpetuity--despite repeated failures to achieve balanced multiple use management and to manage grazing and timber extraction at sustainable levels. The conspiracy of optimism ideologically justifies continued unsustainably high levels of resource extraction. Changing public values since the 1960s and the popularization of ecology have initiated a growing skepticism toward the premises of intensive management. At the same time, field level forest managers have grown frustrated with top-down imposition of resource production quotas and the lack of adequate political, fiscal, and organizational support for sound forest management. As the last old growth forests fall to the chainsaw, and as the federal subsidies required to access these remote timber stands on the national forests escalate, public controversy deepens. In this decade of the national forest centennial a revolt of conscience has erupted among grassroots Forest Service personnel, and a strong challenge from the environmental community has gained momentum. Another major period of policy evaluation and revision appears to be taking place. Whether the conspiracy of optimism can continue to sustain the old status quo is questionable.