Quit Outcomes and Program Utilization by Mode of Entry Among Clients Enrolling in a Quitline
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Mel & Enid Zuckerman Coll Publ Hlth
Univ Arizona, Canc Ctr
Univ Arizona, Coll Nursing
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherSAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
CitationNair, U. S., Reikowsky, R. C., Wertheim, B. C., Thomson, C. A., & Gordon, J. S. (2018). Quit Outcomes and Program Utilization by Mode of Entry Among Clients Enrolling in a Quitline. American Journal of Health Promotion, 32(7) 1510-1517. https://doi.org/10.1177/0890117117749366
RightsCopyright © 2018, © SAGE Publications
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractPurpose: To investigate how mode of entry into a quitline influences program utilization and quit outcomes among clients seeking cessation services. Design: This is a retrospective analysis of clients receiving quitline services from January 2011 to June 2016. Setting: The study was conducted at the Arizona Smokers' Helpline. Participants: Enrolled clients completed a 7-month follow-up (N = 18 650). Measures: The independent variable was referral mode of entry (ie, proactive, passive, and self-referral). Outcome variables included tobacco cessation medication use, number of coaching sessions completed, and 30-day tobacco abstinence at 7 months. Analysis: Logistic regression was used to analyze tobacco abstinence after controlling for potential confounders. Results: Compared to self-referred clients, proactively referred clients were least likely (odds ratio [OR]: 0.88; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.81-0.97), whereas passively referred clients were most likely (OR: 1.14; 95% CI: 1.00-1.30) to report tobacco abstinence. Proactively referred (OR: 0.79; 95% CI: 0.70-0.88), but not passively referred, clients were 21% less likely to report tobacco cessation medication use than self-referred clients. Conclusion: Proactive referrals are associated with lower utilization of tobacco cessation medication and less successful quit outcomes; however, provider referrals are critical to reaching tobacco users who may have more significant health risks and barriers to quitting. Examining potential barriers among both providers and provider-referred clients is needed to inform improvements in training providers on brief interventions for tobacco cessation.
VersionFinal accepted manuscript
SponsorsArizona Department of Health Services [ADHS11-007339, ADHS16-106672, ADHS13-026130:5]; National Cancer Institute [P30 CA023074]
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