The Interaction of Climate Change and Agency in the Collapse of Civilizations c. 2300–2000 BC
4.2 ka cal BP event
Early Bronze Age in Aegean
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CitationWiener, M.H., 2014. The interaction of climate change and agency in the collapse of civilizations ca. 2300–2000 BC. Tree-Ring Research 70(3):S1-S16.
AbstractHuman history has been marked by major episodes of climate change and human response, sometimes accompanied by independent innovations. In the Bronze Age, the sequencing of causes and reactions is dependent in part on dendrochronology and radiocarbon dating. This paper explores the interaction of a major, prolonged desiccation event between c. 2300 and 2000 BC and human agency including migrations, the displacement of trading networks, warfare, the appearance of weapons made of bronze, and the first appearance of sailing vessels in the Mediterranean.