Geologic Map of Portions of the Fort McDowell and McDowell Peak Quadrangles, Maricopa County, Arizona
KeywordsArizona Geological Survey Open File Reports
lower Verde River Valley,
Basin and Range Province
McDowell Mountain Regional Park
Fort McDowell Indian Reservation
Tonto National Forest
ancestral Verde River
Union Hills Group
MetadataShow full item record
CitationSkotnicki, S.J., 1996, Geologic Map of Portions of the Fort McDowell and McDowell Peak Quadrangles, Maricopa County, Arizona. Arizona Geological Survey Open File Report, OFR-96-11, 1 map sheet, map scale 1:24,000, 20 p.
PublisherArizona Geological Survey (Tucson, AZ)
DescriptionThis map depicts both the bedrock geology and the general ages and distribution of Late Tertiary and Quaternary deposits and geomorphic surfaces in the northern part of the lower Verde River Valley, in Maricopa County. The map area includes portions of the Fort McDowell and McDowell Peak 7.5' U.S.G.S. topographic quadrangles (Figure 1). The region studied encompasses the region between the northern end of the McDowell Mountains on the west to about one mile east of the Verde River on the east. Mapping of the surficial deposits was based both on field observations and interpretation of black-and-white, 1:48,000-scale aerial photographs (dated 12-9-90) purchased from the Arizona Department of Transportation Photogrammetry and Mapping Division.
RightsArizona Geological Survey. All rights reserved.
Collection InformationDocuments in the AZGS Document Repository collection are made available by the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) and the University Libraries at the University of Arizona. For more information about items in this collection, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
North Bounding Coordinate33.7379
South Bounding Coordinate33.6419
West Bounding Coordinate-111.838
East Bounding Coordinate-111.618
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Designing a network of critical zone observatories to explore the living skin of the terrestrial EarthBrantley, Susan L.; McDowell, William H.; Dietrich, William E.; White, Timothy S.; Kumar, Praveen; Anderson, Suzanne P.; Chorover, Jon; Lohse, Kathleen Ann; Bales, Roger C.; Richter, Daniel D.; et al. (COPERNICUS GESELLSCHAFT MBH, 2017-12-18)The critical zone (CZ), the dynamic living skin of the Earth, extends from the top of the vegetative canopy through the soil and down to fresh bedrock and the bottom of the groundwater. All humans live in and depend on the CZ. This zone has three co-evolving surfaces: the top of the vegetative canopy, the ground surface, and a deep subsurface below which Earth's materials are unweathered. The network of nine CZ observatories supported by the US National Science Foundation has made advances in three broad areas of CZ research relating to the co-evolving surfaces. First, monitoring has revealed how natural and anthropogenic inputs at the vegetation canopy and ground surface cause subsurface responses in water, regolith structure, minerals, and biotic activity to considerable depths. This response, in turn, impacts aboveground biota and climate. Second, drilling and geophysical imaging now reveal how the deep subsurface of the CZ varies across landscapes, which in turn influences aboveground ecosystems. Third, several new mechanistic models now provide quantitative predictions of the spatial structure of the subsurface of the CZ. Many countries fund critical zone observatories (CZOs) to measure the fluxes of solutes, water, energy, gases, and sediments in the CZ and some relate these observations to the histories of those fluxes recorded in landforms, biota, soils, sediments, and rocks. Each US observatory has succeeded in (i) synthesizing research across disciplines into convergent approaches; (ii) providing long-term measurements to compare across sites; (iii) testing and developing models; (iv) collecting and measuring baseline data for comparison to catastrophic events; (v) stimulating new process-based hypotheses; (vi) catalyzing development of new techniques and instrumentation; (vii) informing the public about the CZ; (viii) mentoring students and teaching about emerging multidisciplinary CZ science; and (ix) discovering new insights about the CZ. Many of these activities can only be accomplished with observatories. Here we review the CZO enterprise in the United States and identify how such observatories could operate in the future as a network designed to generate critical scientific insights. Specifically, we recognize the need for the network to study network-level questions, expand the environments under investigation, accommodate both hypothesis testing and monitoring, and involve more stakeholders. We propose a driving question for future CZ science and a hubs-and-campaigns model to address that question and target the CZ as one unit. Only with such integrative efforts will we learn to steward the life-sustaining critical zone now and into the future.