MAVEN/IUVS Stellar Occultation Measurements of Mars Atmospheric Structure and Composition
Yelle, R. V.
Schneider, N. M.
Koskinen, T. T.
Jain, S. K.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Lunar & Planetary Lab
IUVS stellar occultations
atmospheric composition and structure
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherAMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION
CitationGröller, H., Montmessin, F., Yelle, R. V., Lefèvre, F., Forget, F., Schneider, N. M., et al. (2018). MAVEN/IUVS stellar occultation measurements of Mars atmospheric structure and composition. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 123, 1449–1483. https://doi.org/10.1029/2017JE005466
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AbstractThe Imaging UltraViolet Spectrograph (IUVS) instrument of the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) mission has acquired data on Mars for more than one Martian year. During this time, beginning with March 2015, hundreds of stellar occultations have been observed, in 12 dedicated occultation campaigns, executed on average every 2 to 3months. The occultations cover the latitudes from 80 degrees S to 75 degrees N and the full range longitude and local times with relatively sparse sampling. From these measurements we retrieve CO2, O-2, and O-3 number densities as well as temperature profiles in the altitude range from 20 to 160km, covering 8 orders of magnitude in pressure from approximate to 2x10(1) to approximate to 4 x 10(-7)Pa. These data constrain the composition and thermal structure of the atmosphere. The O-2 mixing ratios retrieved during this study show a high variability from 1.5 x 10(-3) to 6 x 10(-3); however, the mean value seems to be constant with solar longitude. We detect ozone between 20 and 60km. In many profiles there is a well-defined peak between 30 and 40km with a maximum density of 1-2x10(9)cm(-3). Examination of the vertical temperature profiles reveals substantial disagreement with models, with observed temperatures both warmer and colder than predicted. Examination of the altitude profiles of density perturbations and their variation with longitude shows structured atmospheric perturbations at altitudes above 100km that are likely nonmigrating tides. These perturbations are dominated by zonal wave numbers 2 and 3 with amplitudes greater than 45%.
Note6 month embargo; published online: 21 May 2018
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNASA through the Mars Exploration Program