AuthorHendler, Nathanial P
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Lunar & Planetary Lab
Univ Arizona, Steward Observ, Dept Astron
Keywordsplanets and satellites: detection
planets and satellites: formation
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherOXFORD UNIV PRESS
CitationNathanial P Hendler, Paola Pinilla, Ilaria Pascucci, Adriana Pohl, Gijs Mulders, Thomas Henning, Ruobing Dong, Cathie Clarke, James Owen, David Hollenbach; A likely planet-induced gap in the disc around T Cha, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Volume 475, Issue 1, 21 March 2018, Pages L62–L66, https://doi.org/10.1093/mnrasl/slx184
Rights© 2017 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society.
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AbstractWe present high-resolution (0.11 x 0.06 arcsec(2)) 3mm ALMA observations of the highly inclined transition disc around the star T Cha. Our continuum image reveals multiple dust structures: an inner disc, a spatially resolved dust gap, and an outer ring. When fitting sky-brightness models to the real component of the 3mm visibilities, we infer that the inner emission is compact (<= 1 au in radius), the gap width is between 18 and 28 au, and the emission from the outer ring peaks at similar to 36 au. We compare our ALMA image with previously published 1.6 mu m VLT/SPHERE imagery. This comparison reveals that the location of the outer ring is wavelength dependent. More specifically, the peak emission of the 3mm ring is at a larger radial distance than that of the 1.6 mu m ring, suggesting that millimeter-sized grains in the outer disc are located farther away from the central star than micron-sized grains. We discuss different scenarios to explain our findings, including dead zones, star-driven photoevaporation, and planet-disc interactions. We find that the most likely origin of the dust gap is from an embedded planet, and estimate - for a single planet scenario - that TCha's gap is carved by a 1.2M(Jup) planet.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNSF Astronomy & Astrophysics Research Grant ; NASA - Space Telescope Science Institute [HST-HF2-51380.001-A]; NASA [NAS 5-26555]