IMMIGRATION ENFORCEMENT, THE RACIALIZATION OF LEGAL STATUS, AND PERCEPTIONS OF THE POLICE
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Gender & Womens Studies
Univ Arizona, Online Grad Programs Human Rights Practice
Univ Arizona, Mel & Enid Zuckerman Coll Publ Hlth
Citizenship Legal Status
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherCAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
CitationMenjívar, C., Simmons, W., Alvord, D., & Salerno Valdez, E. (2018). IMMIGRATION ENFORCEMENT, THE RACIALIZATION OF LEGAL STATUS, AND PERCEPTIONS OF THE POLICE: Latinos in Chicago, Los Angeles, Houston, and Phoenix in Comparative Perspective. Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race, 15(1), 107-128. doi:10.1017/S1742058X18000115
RightsCOPYRIGHT: © Hutchins Center for African and African American Research 2018
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AbstractThe immigration enforcement system today affects different subgroups of Latinos; it reaches beyond the undocumented to immigrants who hold legal statuses and even to the U.S.-born. States have enacted their own enforcement collaboration agreements with federal authorities and thus Latinos may have dissimilar experiences based on where they live. This article examines the effects of enforcement schemes on Latinos' likelihood of reporting crimes to police and views of law enforcement. It includes documented and U.S-born Latinos to capture the spillover beyond the undocumented, and it is based on four metropolitan areasLos Angeles, Houston, Phoenix, and Chicagoto comparatively assess the effects of various enforcement contexts. Empirically, it relies on data from a random sample survey of over 2000 Latinos conducted in 2012 in these four cities. Results show that spillover effects vary by context and legal/citizenship status: Latino immigrants with legal status are less inclined to report to the police as compared to U.S.-born Latinos in Houston, Los Angeles, and Phoenix but not in Chicago. At the other end, the spillover effect in Phoenix is so strong that it almost reaches to U.S.-born Latinos. The spillover effect identified is possible due to the close association between being Latino or Mexican and being undocumented, underscoring the racialization of legal status and of immigration enforcement today.
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