An ALMA Survey of Faint Disks in the Chamaeleon I Star-forming Region: Why Are Some Class II Disks so Faint?
Herczeg, Gregory J.
Manara, Carlo F.
Mulders, Gijs D.
Hendler, Nathanial P.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Steward Observ
Univ Arizona, Lunar & Planetary Lab
stars: pre-main sequence
submillimeter: planetary systems
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationFeng Long et al 2018 ApJ 863 61
Rights© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
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AbstractALMA surveys of nearby star-forming regions have shown that the dust mass in the disk is correlated with the stellar mass, but with a large scatter. This scatter could indicate either different evolutionary paths of disks or different initial conditions within a single cluster. We present ALMA Cycle 3 follow-up observations for 14 Class II disks that were low signal-to-noise (S/N) detections or non-detections in our Cycle 2 survey of the similar to 2 Myr old Chamaeleon I star-forming region. With five times better sensitivity, we detect millimeter dust continuum emission from six more sources and increase the detection rate to 94% (51/54) for Chamaeleon I disks around stars earlier than M3. The stellar-disk mass scaling relation reported in Pascucci et al. is confirmed with these updated measurements. Faint outliers in the F-mm-M* plane include three non-detections (CHXR71, CHXR30A, and T54) with dust mass upper limits of 0.2M(circle plus) and three very faint disks (CHXR20, ISO91, and T51) with dust masses similar to 0.5M(circle plus). By investigating the SED morphology, accretion property and stellar multiplicity, we suggest for the three millimeter non-detections that tidal interaction by a close companion (less than or similar to 100 au) and internal photoevaporation may play a role in hastening the overall disk evolution. The presence of a disk around only the secondary star in a binary system may explain the observed stellar SEDs and low disk masses for some systems.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNational Science Foundation of China [11473005, 11773002]; NSF Astronomy & Astrophysics Research grant ; Gaia Multilateral Agreement