Midcrustal Deformation in the Central Andes Constrained by Radial Anisotropy
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Geosci
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherAMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION
CitationLynner, C., Beck, S. L., Zandt, G., Porritt, R. W., Lin, F.‐C., & Eilon, Z. C. (2018). Midcrustal deformation in the Central Andes constrained by radial anisotropy. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 123, 4798–4813. https://doi.org/10.1029/2017JB014936
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AbstractThe Central Andes are characterized by one of the largest orogenic plateaus worldwide. As a result, they are home to some of the thickest continental crust observed today (up to similar to 75-km thick). Understanding the response of the crust to such overthickening provides insights into the ductile behavior of the midcrust and lower crust. One of the best tools for examining crustal-scale features is ambient noise tomography, which takes advantage of the ambient noise wavefield to sample crustal depths in great detail. We extract Love and Rayleigh wave phase velocities from ambient noise data to invert for V-sh, V-sv, and radial anisotropy throughout the Central Andes. We capture detailed crustal structure, including pronounced along-strike isotropic velocity heterogeneity and substantial (up to 10%) radial anisotropy that varies with depth. This crustal anisotropy may have several origins, but throughout the majority of the Central Andes, particularly beneath the Altiplano, we interpret radial anisotropy as the result of mineral alignment due to ductile crustal deformation. Only in the strongly volcanic Altiplano-Puna Volcanic Complex is radial anisotropy likely caused by magmatic intrusions.
Note6 month embargo; published online: 05 May 2018
VersionFinal published version