RELICS: A Candidate z similar to 10 Galaxy Strongly Lensed into a Spatially Resolved Arc
Oesch, Pascal A.
Brammer, Gabriel B.
Avila, Roberto J.
Frye, Brenda L.
Rodney, Steven A.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Steward Observ
Keywordsgalaxies: clusters: general
gravitational lensing: strong
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationBrett Salmon et al 2018 ApJL 864 L22
JournalASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS
Rights© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractThe most distant galaxies known are at z similar to 10-11, observed 400-500 Myr after the Big Bang. The few z similar to 10-11 candidates discovered to date have been exceptionally small, barely resolved, if at all, by the Hubble. Space. Telescope. Here we present the discovery of SPT0615-JD1, a fortuitous z similar to 10 (z(phot) = 9.9(0.6)(+0.8)) galaxy candidate stretched into an arc over similar to 2."5 by the effects of strong gravitational lensing. Discovered in the Reionization Lensing Cluster Survey (RELICS) Hubble Treasury program and companion S-RELICS Spitzer program, this candidate has a lensed H-band magnitude of 24.6 +/- 0.1 AB mag. With a magnification of mu similar to 4-7 estimated from our lens models, the delensed intrinsic magnitude is 26.7 +/- 0.1 AB mag, and the half-light radius is r(e) < 0.8 kpc, both consistent with other z > 9 candidates. The inferred stellar mass (log[M-star/M-circle dot = 8.3(-0.2)(+0.3)) and star formation rate (log[SFR/M-circle dot yr(-1)] 1.1(-0.4)(+0.5)) indicate that this candidate is a typical star-forming galaxy on the z > 6 SFR-M-star relation. We note that three independent lens models predict two counter images, at least one of which should be of a similar magnitude to the arc, but these counter images are not yet detected. Counter images would not be expected if the arc were at lower redshift. The relatively large physical size could be due to a merger or accretion event, while the unprecedented lensed size of this z similar to 10 candidate offers the potential for ALMA and the James. Webb. Space. Telescope to study the geometric and kinematic properties of a galaxy observed 500 Myr after the Big Bang.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsAURA under NASA [NAS 5-26555]; ACS under NASA [NAS 5-32864]; JPL; U.S. Department of Energy by LLNL [DE-AC52-07NA27344]; [GO-14096]; [GO-12757]; [GO-12477]; [G03-14131X]