Self-consistent determination of spin Hall angle and spin diffusion length in Pt and Pd: The role of the interface spin loss
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Phys
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherAMER ASSOC ADVANCEMENT SCIENCE
CitationTao, X., Liu, Q., Miao, B., Yu, R., Feng, Z., Sun, L., ... Ding, H. (2018). Self-consistent determination of spin hall angle and spin diffusion length in pt and pd: The role of the interface spin loss. Science advances, 4(6), [eaat1670]. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aat1670
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AbstractSpin Hall angle (theta(SH)) and spin diffusion length (lambda(sd)) are the key parameters in describing the spin-charge conversion, which is an integral part of spintronics. Despite their importance and much effort devoted to quantifying them, significant inconsistencies in the reported values for the same given material exist. We report a self-consistent method to quantify both theta(SH) and lambda(sd) of nonmagnetic materials by spin pumping with various ferromagnetic (FM) pumping sources. We characterize the spin-charge conversion for Pt and Pd with various FM combinations using (i) effective spin-mixing conductance, (ii) microwave photoresistance, and (iii) inverse spin Hall effect measurements and find that the pumped spin current suffers an interfacial spin loss (ISL), whose magnitude varies for different interfaces. By properly treating the ISL effect, we obtained consistent values of theta(SH) and lambda(sd) for both Pt and Pd regardless of the ferromagnet used.
NoteOpen access journal.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNational Key R&D Program of China [2017YFA0303202, 2018YFA0306004]; National Natural Science Foundation of China [51571109, 11734006, 51601087, 51471085, 11504345, 11374145]; Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province [BK20150565]
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