Yang, Andrew; Goldsworthy, Dylan; Nakamura, Drew; Hua, Lee; Univ California Santa Barbara, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2018-11)
      Conventional geolocation techniques were developed based on time-delay estimation, followed by computation of the angle of arrival (AOA). The AOA computation is the main cause of latency, which significantly degrades the feasibility of real-time bearing-angle detection. The computation also adds to hardware complexity and power consumption, which is critical for small, light-weight and mobile devices. This paper presents a codebook based approach to geolocation. The delay profiles are mapped to a precomputed codebook to match the optimal estimation of the geolocation. This simplifies the computation procedure and makes real-time computing feasible. It utilizes limited memory capacity to reduce latency and hardware complexity. This approach also allows us to accurately assess the resolving capability. In addition, it reduces computation for joint estimation with multiple receiver units, especially in mobile format.

      Huang, Ruchang; Wei, Guobo; Wang, Zhongjie; Li, Panwen; Chinese Flight Test Establishment (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2018-11)
      In the flight test, the matching compatibility of the fighter inlet and the engine is the key to the test flight of the engine performance quality. Especially at high incidence of high attack angle and over stall maneuver, the characteristics of the inlet are very important to the engine. The current traditional test scheme cannot real-time telemeter the inlet distortion signal.This paper aims at the problem by designing an embedded airborne real-time processing unit which can real-time calculate and telemetry of the inlet distortion signal. Then the results are displayed in the ground monitoring station by cloud image mode. So we can evaluate the matching performance of the inlet and engine during aircraft flight, and achieve the aim of prejudging the risk of inlet distortion.

      Schultz, Aaron; Marcellin, Michael; Univ Arizona (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2018-11)
      The main problem with wired data transmission is exposure to electrical noise. In environments with extremely high noise levels, special care needs to be taken in order to accurately send data between two or more devices. In the case of motorsports, extreme noise on any critical data lines can cause engine failure, putting the driver’s safety at risk. The purpose of this paper is to explain effective construction techniques for noise reduction in a wiring harness, as well as to review how certain serial data protocols will handle errors in harsh conditions.
    • Progress in the Migration of Flight Test Analysis Routines to Python

      Bretz, John C.; Symvionics, Inc., IADS® Development Group (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2018-11)
      In recent years, the Python language and its associated scientific libraries have been enjoying increasing acceptance. Scientific Python’s ability to replace MATLAB® for many disciplines makes its consideration as an alternative imperative. Python is popular in the engineering academic arena; many entry-level Engineers have experience coding engineering tools in Python already due to its open-source nature and status as a low-cost, low-risk alternative to MATLAB. The IADS Development Group (IDG) has been working on uses of Python and ways to allow users to write Python code from within IADS to help streamline their data processing efforts. This paper will document the progress made since 2015. Experience gained with some of the available Python libraries will be shared, and various tools that have been developed in Python by IADS programmers for their users will be introduced and described in detail. An attempt will also be made to assess the acceptance of Python in the Flight Test community.
    • Homing and Docking Algorithms for Circular Transmission and Receiver Arrays

      Radzicki, Vincent R.; Hua, Lee; Univ California Santa Barbara, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2018-11)
      Homing and docking are two major components in the navigation of UAV’s and UUV’s. It involves the estimation of the six-element displacement vector based on the received signals, where three of the vector elements are associated with the translational displacement and the other three are for the rotation vector. The homing procedure is based on the estimation of the rotation vector with far-field approximations. In the docking range, the displacement estimation becomes more sensitive and critical. Far-field approximation-based algorithms are no longer effective, and high-precision techniques become important and need to be developed. In this paper, we examine and model the multi-dimensional displacement estimation for circular arrays. It allows us to accurately assess the performance as well as the limitation of the algorithms, with respect to various system parameters such as the size of the arrays, range distance, transmitted waveforms, and signal processing algorithms.
    • Spectrum Access R&D (SARD) Program: Broadband Conformal C-Band Antenna Project

      Apalboym, Maxim; Bhakta, Kamal; Chavez, Michael; Kujiraoka, Scott; NAWC-WD Point Mugu (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2018-11)
      Currently in the second year of development, Broadband Conformal C-Band Antenna (BCCA) is being transitioned and matured out of prototyping phase. This paper will discuss encountered challenges in designing, optimizing, and developing a weapon system telemetry antenna operating in C-Band spectrum.

      Rubio, Pedro; Alvarez, Jesus; AIRBUS DEFENCE & SPACE Flight Test (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2018-11)
      Pan&Tilt directional antennas are present in every Airspace Test Center. They are used to receive telemetry data from the target in test (usually a rocket or an aircraft). Required telemetry range can be usually around 200nm which leaves no option but to use directional antennas (parabolic among others). The use of directional antennas greatly enhances the telemetry range by a factor of 1000. But it does it at a cost: directional accuracy. This kind of antenna has a narrow radiation pattern with its nominal gain at the center of the antenna dish. The main beam of the radiation pattern can be as narrow as 1.8 degrees (3db) in a C Band 2.4m parabolic antenna. An antenna has to be pointing its radiation pattern main lobe to the flying target with an error of less than the main lobe width in order not to degrade reception. A method has been implemented to properly calibrate the mechanical pointing vector to overlap with the radiation pattern main lobe. The calibration method presented in this paper allows a very precise calibration that can be performed locally with the aid of DGPS, RF Beacon, RF Spectrum Analyzer and software to manage the whole process.

      Wu, Zhenhua; Wang, Jianjun; Li, Xiaoya; Chinese Flight Test Establishment (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2018-11)
      In multi-bus, long-endurance flight test, the huge test data is recorded by networked airborne testing system. After the flight, to ensure that engineers can analyze engineering data immediately, the processing platform must use limited resources quickly to complete test data processing. Because the test parameters sets on different test tasks are different, we design an airborne restructurable fast data processing system: during the flight, uploading the phased data processing configuration information through telemetry uplink in real time according to the execution state of the ongoing test task, based on these task requirements, the airborne processing system restructures its processing logic and workflow, avoiding repeated calculation of parameters, and ensuring the limited onboard computing resources can meet the needs of multitasking comprehensive flight test data processing.

      Bauer, William; Mann, Phillip; Raytheon Missile Systems (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2018-11)
      Traditional Decom Systems usually require vendor specific data descriptions and provide vendor specific processing capabilities. Using a Software Decom allows the Decom hardware to be setup with a minimal configuration. The added capability of a UDP Multicast over Ethernet for the framed decommutated data allows for common Applications to perform the heavy lifting of Archiving, Real Time Display, and Distributed Processing. Any PC listening on the Local Area Network can access the telemetry data in real-time. This allows common real-time displays, archival tools and data forwarding applications to all run simultaneously.

      Shea, Donald; Applied Antenna Technology (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2018-11)
      The coaxial waveguide antenna exhibits efficient multi-band operation in both tracking and nontracking applications. Radiation from coaxial waveguide operating in the TE1,1 mode produces an on-axis pattern similar to that of open-ended circular waveguide. A second mode, the TE2,1 mode, produces a difference pattern similar to that of a four arm spiral. An inner waveguide cavity operating in the TE1,1 mode and a concentric outer waveguide cavity simultaneously operating in the TE2,1 mode provides this antenna the ability to operate as a tracking feed. It is the intent of this paper to show how the coaxial waveguide antenna is ideally suited to meet many of today's antenna system requirements.
    • Application of Massive MIMO to CRTM

      Picha, Bob; Nokia Corporation of America (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2018-11)

      Fecko, Mariusz; Kim, Heechang; Cichocki, Andrzej; Wong, Larry; Radke, Mark; Young, Tom; Grace, Thomas; Perspecta Labs; Bevilacqua Res. Corp.; USAF AFMC; NAVAIR (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2018-11)
      IP-based telemetry systems such as iNET require extensive lab testing prior to fielding. Current iNET testbeds typically use several real radios and a mix of pre-recorded and live telemetry traffic. However, stress testing the iNET Radio Access Network (RAN) is hard to perform experimentally because of the limited number of available telemetry radios. To scale up the testing to a larger number of radios, we developed portable, low-cost VM-based telemetry radio simulators that interact with the iNET Link Manager (LM) and real radios to provide additional (emulated) links and queue depth reports. This approach makes it possible to establish the upper limit on the numbers of Test Articles that the LM can handle under various conditions. It also allows for fast reconfiguration of the number and set-up of simulated radios to test out specific use cases. The simulated radios free up real radios for off-site tests while preserving the ability for the continuous testing of LM features until real radios can be reclaimed. The developed testbed is portable owing to its lightweight set-up on the low-cost mac-mini computers. This makes it easy to use simulated radios also in off-site testbeds and field experiments.

      Thom, Gary A.; GDP Space Systems (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2018-11)
      Today’s telemetry ground stations are migrating from traditional serial PCM data distribution to Telemetry over IP architectures. The Range Commanders Council has published IRIG 218-10 TELEMETRY TRANSMISSION OVER INTERNET PROTOCOL (TMoIP) STANDARD, which attempts to standardize PCM distribution over IP networks and is currently working on a revision. Ranges have begun investigating new TMoIP systems. This paper attempts to facilitate this migration by discussing the TMoIP, networking and architectural concepts that need to be considered when deploying a TMoIP system. The paper draws on the lessons learned over the previous 10 years of designing, installing, troubleshooting and optimizing telemetry data distribution over IP networks. It discusses the critical component and architectural decisions to be made and some of the pitfalls to be avoided.

      Graham, Richard A. Jr. (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2018-11)
      Several telemeters output RNRZ-L. This paper examines how to use software to decode the RNRZ-L to NRZ-L.

      Price, Nathan; Kosbar, Kurt; Missouri University of Science & Technology, Dept. of Electrical & Computer Engineering (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2018-11)
      Prior work has shown that software defined radio has the ability to reduce the size, weight, power and cost of telemetry and avionics. We propose a virtualized transceiver architecture that supports multiple concurrent software defined radio (SDR) applications running on shared SDR hardware. This paper applies the concept of virtual transceivers to SDR for telemetry and avionics. The proposed design allows for transceivers to be shared between different SDR applications by taking advantage of time separation and frequency adjacency. This paper addresses the system layout, hardware selection, and software organization. Improvements include a scalable and considerations for both redundancy and upgradability.

      Backhaus, Christopher; Boyer, Kyle; Elmadani, Safwan; Houston, Paul; Ruckle, Sean; Marcellin, Michael; Univ Arizona (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2018-11)
      The University of Arizona Baja Racing Team competes annually in a grueling off-road racing competition designed to test the durability of each team’s vehicle. For the last several years, we have been creating and improving upon a telemetry system for the car in order to provide live data and analysis to the driver and pit crew during races, as well as to inform the design of future vehicles. This year, we have created a portable system consisting of a high-performance computer running a custom software package in a ruggedized case with a variety of networking gear. The software is built around a modular, multithreaded analysis engine and can perform live and retrospective analysis on data received from multiple sources, the results of which can be displayed using the built-in GUI or accessed via web interface.

      Alam, Tasmeer; Moazzami, Farzad; Dean, Richard; Morgan State University, Engineering (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2018-11)
      This paper includes analysis of aeronautical channel dynamics in flight simulations of the Link Dependent Adaptive Radio (LDAR). LDAR system includes realistic measurement of the throughput gain with the adaptation of the modulation and coding parameters for telemetry applications. To increase the accuracy, channel dynamics have been incorporated in the simulation. Dynamic channel simulator is developed by the customized two ray ground reflection channel model including Doppler shift, delay spread, and other channel dynamics. This paper shows the comparison of the performance of LDAR using both static and dynamic channel. The impact of creating accurate simulation results with this dynamic channel simulator reaches beyond LDAR and will help the telemetry community to improve the accuracy of computer simulation in the design and pre-test stages.
    • Research on Application Technology of Intelligent Wireless Sensor Network in Flight Test

      Chen, Peng; Jiang, Hongwei; Yan, Yihong; Chinese Flight Test Establishment (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2018-11)
      Aimed at the problems of many test parameters, complicated lead wires, large additional weight, lack of flexibility and expandability as well as low level of intelligence and networkability of existing aircraft test flight test systems, with the application requirements of intelligent wireless sensor network for flight test technologies as the lead, this paper makes research on key technologies of intelligent wireless sensor network in aircraft flight test, and focuses on the synchronous acquisition system architecture, real-time protection method, and data transmission reliability checking method and the development of acquisition and recording system for wireless sensor networks based on the iNET standard for aircraft flight test. Besides, this paper also performs simulation and engine ground test verification which laid the foundation for the application of intelligent wireless sensor network technology in aircraft flight test.

      Du, Xianyu; Zhou, Yi; Yi, Xiaoqian; Instrumentation Department, COMAC Flight Test Center (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2018-11)
      In order to cover the complete flight path of a large civil aircraft during its flight test missions, Telemetry-over-IP (TMoIP) systems have become a standard technique solution in COMAC Flight Test Center. In this paper, practical considerations in implementing the TMoIP systems using a satellite communication link will be discussed, along with the applicable satellite modem parameters. Based on the Command & Control Center located besides the Shanghai Pudong International Airport, several typical cities represent different directions and climatic conditions across the mainland of the country are analysed. Thanks to the high mobility and rapidly deployable satellite communication vehicle, and the rental of satellite time can be specified in contract at a reasonable price and scheduling can be coordinated a short time in advance, high-risk flight test subjects can be monitored and instructed at the head-quarter where more specialist can participate and better ground test and verification equipments can be arranged to support the missions.

      Xingwen, Ding; Hongyu, Chang; Ming, Chen; Beijing Research Institute of Telemetry (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2018-11)
      It is well known that partial response CPM signals usually have better spectral efficiency than full response CPM signals, and the performance of CPM signals can be further improved by combining with multi-h phase codes. According to IRIG 106, the ARTM CPM waveform, a kind of multi-h partial response continuous phase modulation (CPM), has almost three times the spectral efficiency of PCM/FM and approximately the same detection efficiency of PCM/FM. This paper presents other optimum parameter combinations for multi-h partial response CPM, by taking the minimum Euclidean distance, spectral efficiency and detection complexity as judgment criterions.